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Accident description
Last updated: 22 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 28 January 1948
Time:10:50
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-47B-40-DK (DC-3)
Operator:Airline Transport Carriers
Registration: NC36480
C/n / msn: 33598/16850
First flight: 1945
Total airframe hrs:2868
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney R-1830
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 29 / Occupants: 29
Total:Fatalities: 32 / Occupants: 32
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:near Coalinga, CA (   United States of America)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Oakland International Airport, CA (OAK/KOAK), United States of America
Destination airport:Imperial County Airport, CA (IPL/KIPL), United States of America
Narrative:
Douglas DC-3 NC79055, certificated for 32 passengers, had been scheduled for the flight. The crew however took NC36480 by accident, certificated for 26 passengers and 7 hours overdue for a 100-hour inspection. The flight to Oakland was uneventful. At Oakland, 28 additional passengers boarded the DC-3, leaving three of them sitting on luggage without seat belts. While en route at 5000 feet, the no. 1 engine caught fire. Following an explosion, the left wing, including the engine, separated from the fuselage. The aircraft crashed out of control.
It appeared that the gasket in the engine driven left fuel pump was broken and the 4 studs holding the castings of the pump together were loose. Under pressure, gasoline probably sprayed from the pump, then being ignited by the exhaust. The aircraft was carrying Mexican deportees and a US Immigration & Naturalization Service guard.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the failure of the left wing in flight as a result of damage by fire which had its source in a defective left engine driven fuel pump."

Classification:

Wing failure
Loss of control

Sources:
» Air Britain Casualty compendium (pt. 47)
» The 28 deportees who died in an airplane crash in 1948


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Oakland International Airport, CA to Imperial County Airport, CA as the crow flies is 806 km (504 miles).

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Douglas DC-3

  • ca 13.000 built
  • 2562nd loss
  • 773rd fatal accident
  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
  • 29th worst accident (currently)
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