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Accident description
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Status:
Date:Friday 27 December 1968
Time:20:22
Type:Silhouette image of generic CVLT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Convair CV-580
Operator:North Central Airlines
Registration: N2045
C/n / msn: 369
First flight: 1956
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 41
Total:Fatalities: 27 / Occupants: 45
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI (MKE/KMKE), United States of America
Destination airport:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD/KORD), United States of America
Flightnumber: 458
Narrative:
The pilot lost control of the aircraft when performing a go-around in bad weather (200 feet ceiling, light rain and fog). The Convair crashed nearly inverted on a hangar.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Spatial disorientation of the captain precipitated by atmospheric refraction of either the approach lights or landing lights at a critical point in the approach wherein the crew was transitioning between flying by reference to flight instruments and by visual reference to the ground."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-70-27
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Loss of situational awareness
Loss of control

Sources:
» WCAA 2nd ed. / C.Y. Kimura


Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Milwaukee-General Mitchell Airport, WI to Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL as the crow flies is 107 km (67 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Convair CV-580

  • 182 built
  • 5th loss
  • 3rd fatal accident
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 3rd worst accident (currently)
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