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Accident description
Last updated: 18 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Friday 28 January 1983
Time:20:20
Type:Silhouette image of generic B742 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-237B
Operator:Air-India
Registration: VT-EFO
C/n / msn: 21473/330
First flight: 1978-06-19 (4 years 7 months)
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7J
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 11
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 273
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 284
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:Delhi-Palam Airport (DEL) (   India)
Phase: Taxi (TXI)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Bombay-Juhu Airport (VAJJ), India
Destination airport:Delhi-Palam Airport (DEL/VIDP), India
Flightnumber:AI306
Narrative:
Air-India Flight 306, a Boeing 747-200B registered VT-EFO, landed at Delhi Airport at 20:10 hrs and was cleared for parking on bay No 17 via taxiway C (behind bay No 12).
Earlier, Indian Airlines Airbus A300 VT-EFV had landed and was parked at bay No 12 . To rectify a radar snag, the Airbus was positioned facing west, opposite to its normal parking position. After rectification, while the Airbus was being manoeuvred to its initial position, it got stuck 90 ft behind the marked parking position thereby forming an obstruction to aircraft taxying on taxiway C. The Boeing 747 aircraft on its way to bay No 17 hit the tail portion of the stationary Airbus. Both aircraft sustained substantial damage.

Probable Cause:

The cause of collision was failure on the part of the Indian Airlines to inform ATC and IAAI when their aircraft was forming an obstruction to the aircraft taxying on C taxiway and failure of the pilot-in-command of Air India Boeing 747 to exercise caution during taxying even when signaled to deviate from centreline of C taxiway.
The contributory factor was lack of co-ordination between and within the concerned agencies which are required to ensure safe movement of the aircraft at the airport.

Classification:

Sources:
» Accidents summary 1983 / Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, CAD, ASD


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bombay-Juhu Airport to Delhi-Palam Airport as the crow flies is 1132 km (707 miles).

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