ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-230F D-ABYU Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG)
ASN logo
Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Tuesday 18 October 1983
Type:Silhouette image of generic B742 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-230F
Operator:Lufthansa Cargo
Registration: D-ABYU
MSN: 22668/538
First flight: 1981-08-13 (2 years 2 months)
Total airframe hrs:10223
Engines: 4 General Electric CF6-50E2
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG) (   Hong Kong)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Departure airport:Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG/VHHH), Hong Kong
Destination airport:Dubai Airport (DXB/OMDB), United Arab Emirates
A Boeing 747-230F cargo jet sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG). None of the three crew members was injured.
The airplane operated flight LH683 from Hong Kong (HKG) to Frankfurt (FRA), Germany via Dubai (DXB). During the night takeoff from Hong Kong a malfunction of the No. 2 engine occurred, and the takeoff was subsequently rejected from a high speed. In the later stages of the deceleration the aircraft veered off the paved surface of the runway onto soft ground.
The calculated V1 for the takeoff was 157 knots, and VR 168 knots. The call to reject takeoff was made at a speed between 156 and 167 knots IAS.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE: "The accident was caused by the take-off being rejected at high speed, probably in excess of V1, at a point where the remaining runway length was insufficient to ensure a safe stop. A number of factors contributed to the aircraft having used more runway distance to reach the reject point than that scheduled in the Airplane Flight Manual, thus diminishing the available braking distance. An attempt to remedy the problem experienced with the Number 2 engine was responsible for the take off not being abandoned at an earlier stage. The reason for the aircraft leaving the runway paved surface has not been determined."

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: CAD Hong Kong
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 5 months
Accident number: AAR 1-87
Download report: Final report

Rejected takeoff
Runway excursion

Follow-up / safety actions

CAD Hong Kong issued 5 Safety Recommendations

Show all...


photo of Boeing-747-230F-D-ABYU
accident date: 18-10-1983
type: Boeing 747-230F
registration: D-ABYU

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport to Dubai Airport as the crow flies is 5911 km (3694 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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