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Accident description
Last updated: 22 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 21 March 1992
Time:18:56
Type:Silhouette image of generic C550 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 550 Citation II
Operator:private
Registration: HB-VIT
C/n / msn: 550-0197
First flight:
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Minor
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:Lugano Airport (LUG) (   Switzerland)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Nice-Côte d'Azur Airport (NCE/LFMN), France
Destination airport:Lugano Airport (LUG/LSZA), Switzerland
Narrative:
The Cessna 550 Citation II encountered wind shear during a LOC DME approach to runway 03 at Lugano Airport, Switzerland.
The aircraft touched down at Vref (108 kts) + 10 kts and bounced two times and touched down nose gear first.
During landing rollout the nose landing gear collapsed.

Probable Cause:

Causes
The accident was due to:
- A non-stabilized approach because of wind shear;
- Uncoordinated action in using "Reverse" and "Speedbrakes" after a relatively hard landing at excessive speed
- A lack of ATIS warning about wind shears.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BFU Switzerlnd
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 11 months
Accident number: Nr. 1481
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Windshear/downdraft



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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Nice-Côte d'Azur Airport to Lugano Airport as the crow flies is 291 km (182 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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