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Accident description
Last updated: 18 July 2018
Date:Monday 20 July 1992
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev 154B
Operator:Tbilisi Aviation Enterprise
Registration: 85222
C/n / msn: 77A-222
First flight: 1977
Engines: 3 Kuznetsov NK-8-2U
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 16
Total:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 24
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 4
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport (TBS) (   Georgia)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Departure airport:Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport (TBS/UGGG), Georgia
Destination airport:Mineralnye Vody Airport (MRV/URMM), Russia
The aircraft didn't become airborne and overran the runway, striking the localizer building. The Tu-154 broke up, overturned and crashed into a ravine.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Overloaded and a centre of gravity too far forward.

Centre of Gravity outside limits
Runway excursion

» Flight International 12-18.8.92 (12)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/93 (#34)
» Scramble 158
» Soviet Transports


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport to Mineralnye Vody Airport as the crow flies is 320 km (200 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev Tu-154

  • 1026 built
  • 35th loss
  • 18th fatal accident
  • 10th worst accident (at the time)
  • 28th worst accident (currently)
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  • 5th worst accident (at the time)
  • 8th worst accident (currently)
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