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Accident description
Last updated: 19 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 15 December 1992
Time:09:12
Type:Silhouette image of generic B18T model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Volpar Turboliner II
Operator:Mohican Air Service
Registration: N706M
C/n / msn: 4251
First flight:
Total airframe hrs:16115
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Cleveland, OH (   United States of America)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport, OH (CLE/KCLE), United States of America
Destination airport:Syracuse-Hancock International Airport, NY (SYR/KSYR), United States of America
Narrative:
After rotation, during the initial climb, the nose of the airplane pitched up to approximately 60 degrees above the horizon. The airplane continued to climb until about 250 feet above the ground, then rolled right, pitched down and descended. The airplane impacted the ground, approximately 45 degrees nose down, 650 feet to the right of the runway. Post accident investigation of the wreckage revealed the elevator jammed in the full up deflection. The upper end of the elevator control rod was found not connected to the elevator, but was found laying aft, wedged between the tail cone and the elevator faring, holding the elevator in the full up position. The control rod connecting bolt was found laying in the bottom of the tail cone undamaged. The washer, nut and cotter pin related to the control rod connecting bolt were not found. The elevator had been removed, recovered and then installed by company maintenance personnel 166 flight hours prior to the accident.
The aircraft, a Volpar Turboliner II cargo plane, was a stretched turbine conversion of a Beechcraft SNB-5 Navigator (Redesignated TC-45J in 1962) that was operated by the US Navy.

Probable Cause:

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
"The improper installation of the elevator by company maintenance personnel and the lack of proper inspections by a company certified mechanic/inspector and the FAA certified mechanic with inspector authorization. A factor in this accident was an insufficiently defined maintenance procedures that allowed multiple maintenance tasks to be combined into a single line entry."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 273 days (9 months)
Accident number: NYC93FA044
Download report: Summary report

Classification:


Loss of control

Sources:
» NTSB


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport, OH to Syracuse-Hancock International Airport, NY as the crow flies is 505 km (316 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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