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Accident description
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 22 February 1996
Time:13:55
Type:Silhouette image of generic AN24 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Antonov 24RV
Operator:Autoritatea Aeronautica Civila Romana
Registration: YR-BMK
C/n / msn: 77310803
First flight: 1977
Total airframe hrs:10437
Cycles:5987
Engines: 2 Ivchenko AI-24VT
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Total:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 2
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:8 km (5 mls) E of Baia Mare Airport (BAY) (   Romania)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Aerial Work (Calibration, Photo)
Departure airport:Bucharest-Baneasa Airport (BBU/LRBS), Romania
Destination airport:Baia Mare Airport (BAY/LRBM), Romania
Narrative:
The aircraft took off from Baneasa Airport (BBU), Romania at 11:25 for a navaid calibration flight to Satu Mare (SUJ) and Baia Mare (BAY).
It was the quarterly calibration flight for the airport's IFR landing equipment of Baia Mare Airport (PAR - Precision Approach Radar) and the NDB. After landing and a short briefing on Baia Mare, the aircraft would be directed back to Baneasa.
After completing the calibration flight at Satu Mare, the flight continued to Baia Mare were approaches at three different QFE altitudes were carried out in both runway directions (96 degrees and 276 degrees; runway 10/28). While the crew were positioning the airplane for landing at Baia Mare, the controller reported deteriorating weather. The ceiling had dropped from 450 m to 240 m and visibility was 3 km in snow.
The aircraft clipped some treetops on a hill at 450 m altitude. It then crashed into a house, killing two on the ground.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause of the event:
"Incorrect execution of the turn to the magnetic heading of 276 degrees."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: Ministry of Transport, Civil Aviation Inspectorate
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 99 days (3 months)
Accident number: Nr.31/265/31.05.1996
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Photos

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bucharest-Baneasa Airport to Baia Mare Airport as the crow flies is 402 km (252 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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