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Accident description
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Friday 13 December 2002
Time:17:43
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC86 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62F
Operating for:Arrow Air
Leased from:Fine Air
Registration: N1804
C/n / msn: 45896/303
First flight: 1967
Total airframe hrs:73500
Cycles:29900
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 (HK3)
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Singapore-Changi Airport (SIN) (   Singapore)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Tokyo-Yokota AFB (OKO/RJTY), Japan
Destination airport:Singapore-Changi International Airport (SIN/WSSS), Singapore
Narrative:
The DC-8 approached Changi runway 20R following a flight from Yokota. In heavy rain, the first officer, who was pilot flying, could not see the runway lights clearly up to about 200 feet AGL. He continued the approach. Then he felt that the captain was in control and so he let go of the controls but he did not attempt to inform the captain as to whether he was letting him have the controls or he wished to retain the control of the aircraft. The aircraft floated for about 1,300 m before it was put down by the captain. The landing distance available of runway 20R was 3,260 m. When the aircraft touched down, only about 1,500 m of the runway remained available. This was not enough to prevent a runway overrun. The aircraft exited and came to rest about 300 m from the end of the runway. The crew had earlier ascertained from the Runway Analysis Manual that the aircraft's landing weight was within limit for landing on the runway, but had not determined the landing distance required (2,560 m) from the flight manual.

Probable Cause:

SIGNIFICANT FACTORS:
1 The FO, the pilot flying the approach and landing, did not elect to go around even though he did not have the runway lights and approach lights in sight at 300 feet above ground.
2 The PIC could have taken over control from the FO when the latter still could not see the approach lights and runway lights at 300 feet above ground.
3 The crew landed long by about 1,300 metres on the runway.
4 The crew had not made a determination of the landing distance required for the landing on Runway 20R. They had just verified using the Runway Analysis Manual that the aircraft landing weight was within limit for the landing.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB Singapore
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: AIB/AAI/CAS.002
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Runway excursion

Sources:
» ICAO Adrep


Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62F N1804
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tokyo-Yokota AFB to Singapore-Changi International Airport as the crow flies is 5247 km (3280 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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