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Accident
Last updated: 20 October 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:zaterdag 17 januari 2004
Tijd:16:38
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Georgian Express
Registratie: C-FAGA
Constructienummer: 208B-0658
Bouwjaar: 1998
Aantal vlieguren:7809
Motoren: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 1 / inzittenden: 1
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 9 / inzittenden: 9
Totaal:slachtoffers: 10 / inzittenden: 10
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:3 km (1.9 mijl) NW van Pelee Island, ON (   Canada)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Pelee Island, ON (CYPT), Canada
Vliegveld van aankomst:Windsor Airport, ON (YQG/CYQG), Canada
Vluchtnummer: 126
Beschrijving:
At 15:23 Cessna Caravan C-FAGA was fueled at Windsor Airport, ON (YQG) in preparation for flight GGN125 to Pelee Island, ON. At 15:55, the aircraft was de-iced and departed ten minutes later. The aircraft landed at 16:20. While on the ramp, two individuals voiced concern to the pilot that there was ice on the wing. Freezing precipitation was falling. The pilot was observed to visually check the leading edge of the wing; however, he did not voice any concern and proceeded with loading the passengers and cargo. At approximately 16:38, flight GGN126 departed Pelee Island for Windsor. After using most of the runway length for takeoff, the aircraft climbed out at a very shallow angle. The pilot raised the flaps while over Lake Erie. The Caravan then entered an aerodynamic stall. Because the plane was rolling into a climbing right turn, the left wing stalled first. The nose dropped and the airplane rolled to the left. The airplane was too low for recovery and struck the ice.
It was determined that the aircraft was overweight by 1270 pounds (576 kg) when it departed Pelee Island. The maximum takeoff weight for this flight was 8550 pounds (3878 kg).

Probable Cause:

FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. At take-off, the weight of the aircraft exceeded the maximum allowable gross take-off weight by at least 15 per cent, and the aircraft was contaminated with ice. Therefore, the aircraft was being flown significantly outside the limitations under which it was certified for safe flight.

2. The aircraft stalled, most likely when the flaps were retracted, at an altitude or under flight conditions that precluded recovery before it struck the ice surface of the lake.

3. On this flight, the pilot's lack of appreciation for the known hazards associated with the overweight condition of the aircraft, ice contamination, and the weather conditions was inconsistent with his previous practices. His decision to take off was likely adversely affected by some combination of stress and fatigue.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: TSB Canada
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: A04H0001
Download report: Final report

Bronnen:
» SKYbrary 
» TSB
» Transport Canada


Veiligheidsmaatregelen
Immediately following the accident, Georgian Express installed an aircraft de-icing machine on Pelee Island. Also, the company now employs a second crew member on all passenger flights.

TSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Pelee Island, ON en Windsor Airport, ON bedraagt 59 km (37 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: languages

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