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Accident description
Last updated: 17 March 2018
Date:Saturday 21 February 2004
Type:Silhouette image of generic B735 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-59D
Registration: G-BVKC
C/n / msn: 24695/1872
First flight: 1990-06-01 (13 years 9 months)
Total airframe hrs:31210
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-3C1
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 114
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 120
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:Cardiff-Wales Airport (CWL) (   United Kingdom)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Málaga Airport (AGP/LEMG), Spain
Destination airport:Cardiff-Wales Airport (CWL/EGFF), United Kingdom
The left main landing gear (MLG) began a violent shimmy (yaw oscillation) when the wheelbrakes were applied after a normal landing touchdown, probably damaging the MLG lower torsion link. The shimmying stopped when braking was reduced but restarted when braking was increased, causing the torsion link to fracture. Further higher amplitude shimmying of the left MLG ensued, resulting in severe MLG tyre, wheel and brake damage and substantial oscillatory loads on the aircraft structure. Steering difficulties were experienced during both shimmying episodes.
It was likely that the shimmying resulted from excessive wear of the torsion link apex joint that reduced the effectiveness of the shimmy damper. Maintenance records indicated that the MLG had been maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations, but it was considered that relevant Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM) procedures could be difficult to

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: EW/C2004/02/03
Download report: Final report


» AAIB Bulletin 4/2005

Follow-up / safety actions

CAA issued 1 Safety Recommendation

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


photo of Boeing 737-59D G-BVKC
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Málaga Airport to Cardiff-Wales Airport as the crow flies is 1629 km (1018 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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