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Accident description
Last updated: 19 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 26 January 2008
Time:ca 09:35
Type:Silhouette image of generic C212 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
CASA/IPTN NC-212 Aviocar 200
Operator:Dirgantara Air Services
Registration: PK-VSE
C/n / msn: 412/92N
First flight: 1993
Total airframe hrs:11750
Cycles:13749
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331-10R-512C
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:6,3 km (3.9 mls) Se of Long Apung Airport (LPU) (   Indonesia)
Crash site elevation: 843 m (2766 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Tarakan-Juwata Airport (TRK/WALR), Indonesia
Destination airport:Long Apung Airport (LPU/WALP), Indonesia
Narrative:
A Casa 212-200 aircraft, registered PK-VSE, was being operated by Dirgantara Air Service as a cargo charter flight from Tarakan Airport (TRK)to Long Apung Airport (LPU), Indonesia. There were three persons on board; two pilots and one aircraft maintenance engineer/load master.
The aircraft departed from Tarakan at 08:11 local time.
At the time of the occurrence the downwind leg of the circuit for runway 35 at Long Apung Airport was obscured by low cloud. The copilot twice warned the PIC "be careful sir, there is a hill". It is likely that the pilots were unable to keep the runway in sight during the maneuvering on downwind for runway 35. The pilots did not maintain visual flight procedures, and flew the aircraft into instrument meteorological conditions prior to colliding with the terrain.
Searchers subsequently found the aircraft wreckage at an elevation of 2,766 feet, about 3.4 NM from Long Apung Airport.

Probable Cause:

CAUSES: "The crew did not appear to have awareness of the aircraft’s proximity with terrain until impact with terrain was imminent. The pilot attempted to continue the flight in instrument meteorological conditions, below the lowest safe altitude."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSC Indonesia
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 4 months
Accident number: KNKT 08.01.02.04
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» Tiga Awak Pesawat DAS Ditemukan Tewas (Antara 26-1-2008)


Follow-up / safety actions

NTSC issued 1 Safety Recommendation

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tarakan-Juwata Airport to Long Apung Airport as the crow flies is 338 km (211 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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