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Accident description
Last updated: 20 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 17 July 2011
Time:10:21
Type:Silhouette image of generic AT72 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
ATR 72-212
Operating for:Aer Arann
Leased from:Air Contractors
Registration: EI-SLM
C/n / msn: 413
First flight: 1994-05-20 (17 years 2 months)
Total airframe hrs:32617
Cycles:37149
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 21
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 25
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Shannon Airport (SNN) (   Ireland)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Manchester Airport (MAN/EGCC), United Kingdom
Destination airport:Shannon Airport (SNN/EINN), Ireland
Flightnumber:3601
Narrative:
An ATR-72 passenger plane, EI-SLM, sustained substantial damage in a landing accident at Shannon Airport (SNN), Ireland. There were 21 passengers and five crew members on board. No one was injured.
The aircraft carried out a round trip from Shannon (SNN), Ireland to Manchester Airport (MAN), U.K. on behalf of Aer Lingus Regional. The return leg, Flight EI 6305, departed Manchester at 08:47. En-route operations were normal and, in consultation with ATC, the aircraft descended and was cleared to self-position to the DERAG waypoint for an Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach to runway 24.
At 10:08 hrs the aircraft commenced an approach to runway 24 in strong and gusty crosswind conditions. Following a turbulent approach difficulty was experienced in landing the aircraft, which contacted the runway in a nose-down attitude and bounced. A go-around was performed and the aircraft was vectored for a second approach. During this second approach landing turbulence was again experienced. Following bounces the aircraft pitched nose down and contacted the runway heavily in a nose down attitude. The nose gear collapsed and the aircraft nose descended onto the runway. The aircraft sustained damage with directional control being lost. The aircraft came to rest at the junction of the runway and a taxiway.
Following engine shutdown the forward cabin crew member advised the cockpit that there was no smoke and that the doors could be opened following which, an evacuation was commenced.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE:
1. Excessive approach speed and inadequate control of aircraft pitch during a crosswind landing in very blustery conditions.
CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS:
1. Confusing wording in the FCOM that led the crew to compute an excessive wind factor in the determination of Vapp.
2. Incorrect power handling technique while landing.
3. Inexperience of the pilot in command.
4. Inadequate information provided to flight crew regarding crosswind landing techniques.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIU
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 10 months
Accident number: AAIU Report No. 2013-008
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Turbulence

Sources:
» SKYbrary 


Follow-up / safety actions

AAIU issued 5 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of ATR 72-212 EI-SLM
Landing FDR Parameters
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Manchester Airport to Shannon Airport as the crow flies is 447 km (279 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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