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Accident description
Last updated: 24 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 9 December 2012
Time:03:33
Type:Silhouette image of generic LJ25 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 25
Operator:Starwood Management LLC
Registration: N345MC
C/n / msn: 25-046
First flight: 1969
Engines: 2 General Electric CJ610-6
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Total:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near Iturbide (   Mexico)
Crash site elevation: 1707 m (5600 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Executive
Departure airport:Monterrey-General Mariano Escobedo International Airport (MTY/MMMY), Mexico
Destination airport:Toluca Airport (TLC/MMTO), Mexico
Narrative:
A Learjet 25 corporate jet crashed near Iturbide, Mexico while en route on a flight between Monterrey and Toluca Airport (TLC), Mexico. There were two pilots and five passengers on board. All were killed in the crash.
The airplane had been chartered to transport Mexican-American singer Jenni Rivera and four others to Toluca following an evening concert in the Monterrey Arena.
The flight departed Monterrey at 03:19 and began to climb with the intention of reaching 37,000 ft with an average climb rate of about 1,800 ft/s. At about 03:30:15, two and a half minutes before the final descent, the aircraft stopped climbing and held an altitude of approximately 26,000 ft for about 15 seconds. At 03:31:30 the aircraft again held an altitude of 28,000 ft for a little over 15 seconds before climbing to 28,700 ft. Then at 03:32:11 the aircraft descended 500 ft, returned to 28,800 ft, and then descended until it collided with mountainous terrain at an altitude of 5600 feet above sea level.

The NTSB laboratory assisted in the examination of the horizontal stabilizer trim actuator. The examination indicate no evidence of pre-existing damage, corrosion or fatigue. The fracture surfaces of the actuator were indicative of overstress failure as a result of impact.
It appeared that the captain was not allowed to operate a commercial flight given his age (78 years old). The copilot had an FAA license which lacked a type rating for Learjet aircraft.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE: (translated from Spanish report) Loss of control of the airplane for undetermined reasons.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: SCT Mexico
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: ACCR-071/12
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Cause undetermined
Loss of control

Sources:
» Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT)
» CNN Espanol


Photos

photo of Learjet 25 N345MC
Flight profile of N345MC
photo of Learjet 25 N345MC
Altitude profile of N345MC
photo of Learjet 25 N345MC
Altitude and speed profile of N345MC
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Monterrey-General Mariano Escobedo International Airport to Toluca Airport as the crow flies is 714 km (446 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Learjet 25

  • 373 built
  • 61st loss
  • 38th fatal accident
  • 6th worst accident
» safety profile

 Mexico
  • 62nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 64th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile