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Accident description
Last updated: 21 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Friday 24 May 2013
Time:10:18
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-232
Operator:Air Via
Registration: LZ-MDR
C/n / msn: 5158
First flight: 2012-05-10 (1 year )
Total airframe hrs:3164
Cycles:1330
Engines: 2 IAE V2527-A5
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 172
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 178
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:Varna Airpot (VAR) (   Bulgaria)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Leipzig Airport (LEJ/EDDP), Germany
Destination airport:Varna Airport (VAR/LBWN), Bulgaria
Flightnumber:VIM502
Narrative:
The Airbus A320-232 sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident upon landing at Varna Airport (VAR), Bulgaria.
The aircraft overran runway 09 and traveled about 200 m over a grass area before crossing a perimeter road and impacting a fence.
An emergency evacuation was performed during which two passengers were injured.

Probable Cause:

Contributing factors (translated from Bulgarian):
1. Insufficient analysis of the general weather conditions as forecast and an underestimation of the actual weather by the meteorological office at Varna Airport ATS Centre and flight crew during descent of the aircraft.
2. Sharp, dynamic change in the parameters of wind speed and direction, just before touchdown the aircraft.
3. Failure by the flight crew to limit tail wind speed of the plane and wrong decision by the pilot to land, subject to weather conditions necessitating missed, balked landing, going to a holding area or alternate
4. Aircraft touched down around the middle of the runway at a speed greater than the speed of approach (Vapp). Automatic braking was disabled during braking by the pilot flying, as he was in arrears with the activation of the maximum speed of the brakes.
5. Increased workload of the captain:
- Lack of experience of the co-pilot of the aircraft type;
- Shortening the time for landing due to next scheduled flight of the plane.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIU Bulgaria
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Runway excursion

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Leipzig Airport to Varna Airport as the crow flies is 1471 km (919 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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