ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-85C (WL) B-5498 Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Thursday 16 August 2018
Type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-85C (WL)
Operator:Xiamen Airlines
Registration: B-5498
MSN: 37574/3160
First flight: 2010-01-14 (8 years 7 months)
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-7B24
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 157
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 165
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Location:Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL) (   Philippines)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Xiamen Airport (XMN/ZSAM), China
Destination airport:Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL/RPLL), Philippines
Xiamen Airlines flight 8667, suffered a runway excursion after landing on runway 24 at Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Philippines. There were no injuries according to the airline.
At 23:08 hours local time the flight had descended to FL180 towards Manila. It entered a holding pattern to the north-east of the airport for about 14 minutes before positioning for an approach to runway 24. The approach was aborted at 23:40 and the aircraft position for another approach. The aircraft touched down at 23:55 but went off the runway.
At the time of the accident a thunderstorm was passing the airport.

Photos from the scene seem to indicate that the no.1 (left hand) engine had separated from the wing after the excursion.

Probable Cause:

Primary Cause Factors
a. The decision of the Captain to continue the landing on un-stabilized approach and insufficient visual reference.
- The Captain failed to maintain a stabilized landing approach moments before touchdown, the aircraft was rolling left and continuously drifting left of the runway centerline.
- The Captain failed to identify correctly the aircraft position and status due to insufficient visual reference caused by precipitation.
b. The Captain failed to apply sound CRM practices.
- The Captain did not heed to the First Officer call for a Go-Around.
Contributory Factors
a. Failure to apply appropriate TEM strategies
Failure of the Flight Crew to discuss and apply appropriate Threat and Error Management (TEM) strategies for the following:
- Inclement weather.
- Cross wind conditions during approach to land.
- Possibility of low-level wind shear.
- NOTAM information on unserviceable runway lights.
b. Inadequate Company Policy on Go-Around
- Company’s Standard Operation Procedures were less than adequate in terms of providing guidance to the flight crew for call out of "Go-Around" during landing phase of the flight.
c. Runway strip inconsistent with CAAP MOS for Aerodrome and ICAO Annex 14
- The uneven surface and concrete obstacles contributed to the damage sustained by the aircraft

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: AAIIB Philippines
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 years
Accident number: report
Download report: Summary report

Landing after unstabilized approach
Runway excursion (veer-off)

» Accident report summary

METAR Weather report:
UTC / local time:
RPLL 161619Z 26007KT 6000 -RA BKN020 OVC080 24/24 Q1006 NOSIG RMK A2971

14:00 UTC / 22:00 local time:
RPLL 161400Z 22007KT 140V260 7000 -RA SCT022 OVC090 26/26 NOSIG RMK A2971

14:35 UTC / 22:35 local time:
RPLL 161435Z 27021KT 3000 +RA SCT022 OVC090 25/25 Q1006 TEMPO FM1500 6000 RA RMK A2971

15:00 UTC / 23:00 local time:
RPLL 161500Z 25017KT 2500 +TSRA FEW020CB BKN022 OVC080 24/24 Q1007 TEMPO 5000 TSRA 2974 CB OHD

16:00 UTC / 00:00 local time:
RPLL 161600Z 28011KT 250V310 2000 +TSRA FEW018CB BKN020 OVC080 24/24 Q1007 TEMPO 5000 TSRA RMK A2974 CB OHD
Wind 280°, varying 250-310° at 11 kts; visibility 2000 m; Thunderstorm with rain; Few Cumulonimbus clouds at 1800 feet; Broken clouds at 2000 feet; Overcast at 8000 feet; Temperature 24°C; Dew point 24°C; QNH 1007 mb

Follow-up / safety actions

issued 2 Notice to Airmen (Notam)s
AAIIB issued 5 Safety Recommendations

Show all...


photo of Boeing-737-85C-B-5498
accident date: 16-08-2018
type: Boeing 737-85C (WL)
registration: B-5498
photo of Boeing-737-85C-B-5498
accident date: 16-08-2018
type: Boeing 737-85C (WL)
registration: B-5498
photo of Boeing-737-85C-B-5498
accident date: 16-08-2018
type: Boeing 737-85C (WL)
registration: B-5498
photo of Boeing-737-85C-B-5498
photo of Boeing-737-85C-
Weather satellite image at 23:50 LT, five minutes before the accident

Video, social media

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Xiamen Airport to Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport as the crow flies is 1149 km (718 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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