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Last updated: 30 November 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 26 août 1953
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic CVLP model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Convair CV-240-0
Compagnie:American Airlines
Immatriculation: N94269
Numéro de série: 146
Année de Fabrication:
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 27
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 30
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Michigan City, IN (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Chicago-Midway Airport, IL (MDW/KMDW), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport, OH (CLE/KCLE), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Détails:
United Flight 314 (a CV-340) and American Flight 714 (a CV-240) both took off from Midway runway 22L around 19:00. Both crews had filed VFR flight plans using Airway Red 12 after takeoff and a cruising level of 11000 feet. While cruise power was being set by the United first officer, the captain caught a glimpse of the American plane in front of him and in an effort to pass under the CV-240, rolled the pitch control of the autopilot forward. Almost at that moment both aircraft made contact. The top of United's fuselage over the right side of the cockpit struck the lower portion of American's fuselage slightly forward of the tail group as United passed under the climbing American aircraft from left to right. The United aircraft landed safely at South Bend, and the American Convair returned safely to Chicago.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The primary cause of this accident was the failure of the United crew to observe and avoid the American aircraft while overtaking it on a converging course from the left and rear. However, the American crew demonstrated a lack of alertness in not observing United prior to passing and while abeam."

Sources:
» ICAO Aircraft Accident Digest, Circular 39-AN/34 (100-106))


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Chicago-Midway Airport, IL et Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport, OH est de 489 km (306 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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