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Last updated: 8 December 2021
Estado:Final
Fecha:sábado 2 agosto 1969
Hora:13:36 UTC
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic S210 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI-N
Operador:Alitalia
Registración: I-DABF
Numéro de série: 179
Año de Construcción: 1965-02-03 (4 years 6 months)
Horas Totales de la Célula:11848
Motores: 2 Rolls-Royce Avon 531B
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 8
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 37
Total:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 45
Daños en la Aeronave: Anulado
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS) (   Francia)
Fase: Aterrizaje (LDG)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Internacional Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF), Italia
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS/LFML), Francia
Número de Vuelo:AZ342
Descripción:
Alitalia flight 342 departed Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO), Italy at 12:40 UTC on a scheduled passenger flight to Marseille-Marignane Airport (MRS), France.
The flight was uneventful until the approach. The final approach speed was calculated by the crew being 120 knots. The flight was cleared to land on runway 32. At that time the aircraft approached 60 knots above Vref and touched down far down the runway. The tail parachute was released, but burst on opening. The Caravelle then overran into the water of Etang de Berre and came to rest 150 m from the shore.

Probable Cause:

CAUSES OF THE ACCIDENT:
"The committee believes that the accident resulted initially from an incorrect procedure for the approach, bringing the plane in contact with the runway at abnormally high speed (more than 60 knots over the normal speed calculated and known by the pilot).
This situation was further aggravated by the release of the parachute at an excessive speed and due to an inappropriate use of the emergency brake."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BEA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Accident number: Report i-bf690802
Download report: Final report


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Roma-Fiumicino Airport to Marseille-Marignane Airport as the crow flies is 599 km (375 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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