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Last updated: 6 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 4 décembre 1974
Heure:ca 22:15
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC85 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-8-55F
Compagnie:Martinair Holland
Immatriculation: PH-MBH
Numéro de série: 45818/242
Année de Fabrication: 1966
Heures de vol:35613
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Equipage:victimes: 9 / à bord: 9
Passagers:victimes: 182 / à bord: 182
Total:victimes: 191 / à bord: 191
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Maskeliya (   Sri Lanka)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 1327 m (4354 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Surabaya-Juanda Airport (SUB/WARR), Indonésie
Aéroport de destination:Colombo-Bandaranaike International Airport (CMB/VCBI), Sri Lanka
Numéro de vol:MP138
Détails:
The aircraft departed Surabaya at 12:03 UTC for a hadj flight to Jeddah with a planned intermediate stop at Colombo. Around 16:30 UTC Colombo Control cleared the flight down from FL350 to FL150. At 16:38, when the flight was 50 nm from Colombo the air traffic controller cleared the flight further down to 5000 feet and to report reaching 8000 feet. At 16:44 Colombo Approach Control then cleared the flight down to 2000 feet and told them to expect a runway 04 approach. The crew were then to report overhead the KAT NDB or when the airfield was in sight. The crew continued their descent until the airplane crashed into the Anjimalai Mountain at an altitude of 4355 feet, about 40 nm East of Colombo.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Collision with rising terrain as the crew descended the aircraft below safe altitude owing to incorrect identification of their position vis-a-vis the airport. The investigation is of the opinion that this was the result of dependence on Doppler and Weather Radar Systems on board PH-MBH which left room for misinterpretation."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: DCA Sri Lanka
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 194 days (6 months)
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» ICAO Circular 132-AN/93 (213-245)


Photos

photo of Douglas-DC-8-55F-PH-MBH
accident date: 04-12-1974
type: Douglas DC-8-55F
registration: PH-MBH
photo of DC-8-55F-PH-MBH
accident date: 04-12-1974
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-8-55F
registration: PH-MBH
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Surabaya-Juanda Airport et Colombo-Bandaranaike International Airport est de 3976 km (2485 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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