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Last updated: 2 December 2021
Datum:Freitag 23 September 1977
Zeit:ca 07:30
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic LJ36 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 36A
Fluggesellschaft:Arab Wings
Kennzeichen: JY-AFC
Werknummer: 36-020
Triebwerk: 2 Garrett TFE731-2-2B
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 2 / Insassen: 2
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 2 / Insassen: 2
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 4 / Insassen: 4
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Amman-Marka International Airport (ADJ) (   Jordanien)
Flugphase: Anfangssteigflug (ICL)
Betriebsart:Internationaler außerplanmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Amman-Marka International Airport (ADJ/OJAM), Jordanien
Flug nach:Beirut Airport (BEY/OLBA), Libanon
The left wing dropped after takeoff from runway 24 and the Learjet entered a descent with slow roll to the right until it impacted the ground in an inverted position on hard ground approximately 8 feet north of the parallel taxiway.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The highest probability centres around a possible fuel imbalance at the time of take-off. As the aircraft was observed dropping a left wing very rapidly with an eventual recovery still in climb attitude, the actual cause of continuing right roll cannot be explained unless gyroscopic forces were assisted by the use of right rudder. Although not conclusive, tests were carried out by a senior flight crew member of Arab Wings in a LearJet simulator set up with the data applicable to the aircraft and field conditions at the time of the accident. Using maximum fuel imbalance condition the test crew experienced similar results and loss of control through right roll owing to inability to centre rudder control after wings level, as stated by the pilot of the simulated flight"

» ICAO Circular 153-AN/56 (Accident Digest 23, p.157-165)


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Amman-Marka International Airport to Beirut Airport as the crow flies is 209 km (131 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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