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Last updated: 24 September 2021
Date:Tuesday 14 November 1978
Time:ca 13:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-154B-1
Operator:Aeroflot, International Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-85286
MSN: 78A286
First flight: 1978
Total airframe hrs:584
Engines: 3 Kuznetsov NK-8-2U
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 9
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 65
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 74
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN) (   Sweden)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN/ESSA), Sweden
Destination airport:Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO/UUEE), Russia
Aeroflot flight 212 to Moscow had to abort the take off from runway 26 Stockholm-Arlanda airport. The aircraft passed the runway end and continued 200 meters to an area where the ground surface slopes to a crossing road. The starbord wing hit and destroyed an ILS/localizer antenna.
The captain aborted the take-off when he at speed VR noted , that the control force was abnormally large and the control column could only be pulled back a short distance. As he initiated the take-off abortion he saw that the warning sign "Not ready for start" was flashing. This light flashes. for instance , when the nose wheel steering is in the taxying position or the control system hydraulic booster switches have not been locked in the ON -position.
had reached rotation speed when the captain felt firm resistance when trying to lift the nose. The captain decided to abort the takeoff with only about 500 meters of runway left. The Tupolev overran runway 26, struck an ILS localizer antenna and went down a slope.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause (translated from Swedish):
The takeoff could not be completed because the crew had not selected the control system's hydraulic pressure.
The aircraft ran off the runway because the required total acceleration braking distance became longer than the available distance - which was 50-60m longer than for start required - due to heavy acceleration during the seconds the captain was required to make the decision to abort the takeoff and due to delayed braking and reverse.
Contributing causes of the accident were deficiencies in the crew resource management, especially with regard to execution of the checklist, inappropriate warning system and lack of training of the crew with regard to interrupted takeoff due to other than engine failure.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: SHK Sweden
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 262 days (9 months)
Accident number: 13/78
Download report: Final report

Rejected takeoff
Runway excursion

» Peter Tancred


photo of Tupolev-Tu-154B-1-CCCP-85286
accident date: 14-11-1978
type: Tupolev Tu-154B-1
registration: CCCP-85286
photo of Tupolev-Tu-154B-1-CCCP-85286
accident date: 14-11-1978
type: Tupolev Tu-154B-1
registration: CCCP-85286
photo of Tupolev-Tu-154B-1-CCCP-85286
accident date: 14-11-1978
type: Tupolev Tu-154B-1
registration: CCCP-85286

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Stockholm-Arlanda Airport to Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport as the crow flies is 1211 km (757 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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