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Last updated: 22 September 2021
Datum:dinsdag 6 mei 1980
Type:Silhouette image of generic LJ23 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 23
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Kennedy Flite Center
Registratie: N866JS
Constructienummer: 23-018
Aantal vlieguren:4861
Motoren: 2 General Electric CJ610-1
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 2
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 0
Totaal:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 2
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Richmond International Airport (Byrd Field), VA (RIC) (   Verenigde Staten)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Training
Vliegveld van vertrek:Gainesville-J R Alison Municipal Airport, FL (GNV/KGNV), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Richmond International Airport (Byrd Field), VA (RIC/KRIC), Verenigde Staten
A Gates Learjet 23, N866JS, was being operated on a flight from Richmond, VA (RIC) to Louisville, KY (SDF), continuing to Gainesville, FL (GNV), and returning to Richmond. The pilot, received the appropriate weather briefings and filed three instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plans. The aircraft departed Richmond at 21:28 with two pilots aboard. The flight to Louisville was uneventful, as was the subsequent flight to Gainesville with six passengers aboard. The aircraft departed Gainesville at 01:52 with only the two pilots aboard.
Upon arrival in the Richmond area, the flightcrew requested an ILS approach to runway 33. They were cleared for the approach and landing. Witnesses stated that the aircraft crossed the runway threshold "a bit high," started to rock, and rolled inverted as engine thrust increased. The aircraft crashed adjacent to the runway at 03:12 and burst into flame. Both pilots were killed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE:"The pilot's failure to maintain proper airspeed and aircraft attitude while transitioning from final approach through flare to touchdown. The low-speed/high angle-of attack flight condition precipitated wing rolloff, wingtip strikes, and ultimate loss of aircraft control.
The pilot's improper technique during roundout may have been due to fatigue, his limited knowledge, training, and experience regarding the flight characteristics of the Learjet aircraft, and distraction caused by concern over the intensity of the approach lighting."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 203 days (7 months)
Accident number: NTSB-AAR-80-12
Download report: Final report


NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Gainesville-J R Alison Municipal Airport, FL en Richmond International Airport (Byrd Field), VA bedraagt 976 km (610 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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