ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev Tu-104A CCCP-42332 Leningrad
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Date:Saturday 7 February 1981
Type:Silhouette image of generic t104 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-104A
Operator:Soviet Navy
Registration: CCCP-42332
MSN: 76600402
First flight: 1957
Engines: 2 Mikulin AM-3M
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 44 / Occupants: 44
Total:Fatalities: 50 / Occupants: 50
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:ca 20 km S of Leningrad (   Russia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Departure airport:Pushkin Airport (ULLP), Russia
Destination airport:Khabarovsk-Novy Airport (KHV/UHHH), Russia
Immediately after takeoff the aircraft stalled, banked right at an altitude of about 50 m, and crashed almost inverted. A post impact fire erupted. Some high-ranking navy officials were aboard, returning to Vladivostok after an exercise in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg).

Probable Cause:

The accident was caused by the wrong seating of the passengers and improperly secured cargo which began to shift after takeoff. This caused the center of gravity to move beyond the certfied limits.

Cargo shift
Loss of control

» Soviet Transports
» Dmitriy Yertsov
» Tupolev: The Man and His Aircraft / Andrei Kandalov, Paul Duffy , 1996 (ISBN 1560918993)

Follow-up / safety actions
The remaining military Tu-104 aircraft were grounded following this accident.


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pushkin Airport to Khabarovsk-Novy Airport as the crow flies is 6165 km (3853 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev Tu-104

  • 207 built
  • 37th loss
  • 23rd fatal accident
  • 12th worst accident
» safety profile

  • 29th worst accident (at the time)
  • 49th worst accident (currently)
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