ASN Aircraft accident Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. HAL-748-224 Srs. 2 VT-DXF Mangalore-Bajpe Airport (IXE)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Wednesday 19 August 1981
Type:Silhouette image of generic A748 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. HAL-748-224 Srs. 2
Operator:Indian Airlines
Registration: VT-DXF
MSN: 511
First flight: 1967
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 22
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 26
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Mangalore-Bajpe Airport (IXE) (   India)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Bangalore-Hindustan Airport (BLR/VOBG), India
Destination airport:Mangalore-Bajpe Airport (IXE/VOML), India
The Indian Airlines HS-748 took off from Bangalore to operate Flight IC557 to Mangalore, India. After the aircraft became airborne, Mangalore weather was passed to the aircraft indicating deterioration in weather with conditions below minima.
The aircraft arrived near Mangalore uneventfully and ATC informed that it was raining and the visibility was 1000 metres. Therefore, the commander decided to hold the aircraft. A few minutes later, ATC informed that the visibility had improved to 2000 m and clouds were 4/8 at 700 ft. Thereafter, the aircraft was instructed to descend to 3550 ft. Having sighted the runway, the captain turned right to position the aircraft for a left-hand down wind leg of the runway. However, ATC cautioned that the south of the runway was full of low cloud. Therefore, the aircraft took a left-hand circuit for landing. The aircraft landed almost on the middle of the runway at high speed, under adverse weather conditions. The aircraft could not be stopped within the available field length. Its nose wheel was sheared off and the aircraft continued skidding forward and nosed over into a valley beyond the airport plateau and came to stop against two huge boulders on the steep rocky terrain.
The aircraft was substantially damaged. Five passengers and two cabin crew received minor injuries. There was a fire under the left-hand engine/wing which was extinguished.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The pilot persisted in landing under deteriorating weather conditions resulting in unsteady approach and late touchdown at a high speed. The contributory factors were non-extension of flaps to 'land' position, resulting in increasing landing roll, and the choice of landing on down-sloping runway with a tail-component."

Runway excursion

» Accidents summary 1981 / Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, CAD, ASD


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bangalore-Hindustan Airport to Mangalore-Bajpe Airport as the crow flies is 299 km (187 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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