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Last updated: 28 September 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:lundi 13 septembre 1982
Heure:12:00
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC10 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
Compagnie:Spantax
Immatriculation: EC-DEG
Numéro de série: 46962/238
Année de Fabrication: 1977
Heures de vol:15364
Cycles:4008
Moteurs: 3 General Electric CF6-50C1
Equipage:victimes: 3 / à bord: 13
Passagers:victimes: 47 / à bord: 381
Total:victimes: 50 / à bord: 394
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Málaga Airport (AGP) (   Espagne)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 16 m (52 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Málaga Airport (AGP/LEMG), Espagne
Aéroport de destination:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 995
Détails:
Spantax Flight BX995 departed Madrid-Barajas at 09:36 on a charter flight to Málaga and New York. The DC-10 arrived at Málaga at 10:20 where 251 passengers embarked. The crew then taxied to the threshold of runway 14. Takeoff clearance was received at 11:58. During takeoff the copilot called out the 80 knots and 100 knots speeds. A short time before reaching V1 (162 kts), pieces of tread of a nose wheel tire started to detach. At or close to V1 a vibration was felt. The airplane continued to accelerate through VR. As the captain tried to rotate by applying up elevator, the vibration was of such magnitude that he feared that the plane might become uncontrollable after takeoff. He decided to abort the takeoff. At that point, with a maximum speed attained of 184 kts, there was 1295 m (4,250 feet) of runway left. The captain retarded the throttles and tried to select reverse thrust. The no. 3 throttle slipped from his hands, causing a power asymmetry. The airplane veered slightly to the left. The Dc-10 overshot the runway at a speed of 110 kts, colliding with an ILS building, causing engine number 3 to separate. The airplane went through a fence and crossed a highway were it damaged three vehicles. It then collided with a farming construction, causing three quarters of the right wing to break off, as well as the right horizontal stabilizer. The aircraft stopped 450 m (1,475 feet) past the end of runway 14. A fire erupted in the rear of the fuselage.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Commission determines the cause of the accident to be the fractional detachment of the retread of the right wheel of the nose gear, originating a strong vibration which could not be identified by the captain, leading hime into the belief that the aircraft would become uncontrollable in flight, and thus deciding to abandon the take-off over VR.
The decision of aborting the take-off, though not in accordance with the standard operation procedure, is in this case considered reasonable, on the base of the irregular circumstances that the crew had to face, the short period of time available to take the decision, the lack of training in case of wheel failure and the absence of take-off procedures when failure other than that of the engines occurs."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CIAIAC
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: -
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» Technical Report - Accident occurred on September 13th, 1982, to McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF aircraft, reg.n. EC-DEG, at Malaga Airport


Photos

photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
photo of DC-10-30CF-EC-DEG
accident date: 13-09-1982
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF
registration: EC-DEG
 

Video, social media
Vliegramp in Malaga (Spanje) met DC-10

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Málaga Airport et New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY est de 5834 km (3646 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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