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Last updated: 24 October 2021
Status:
Date:Tuesday 19 April 1983
Time:18:09
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK40 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev Yak-40
Operator:Aeroflot / Armenia
Registration: CCCP-87291
MSN: 9320628
First flight: 1973
Engines: 3 Ivchenko AI-25
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 17 / Occupants: 17
Total:Fatalities: 21 / Occupants: 21
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:41 km (25.6 mls) NE of Leninakan Airport (LWN) (   Armenia)
Crash site elevation: 2523 m (8278 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Nalchik Airport (NAL/URMN), Russia
Destination airport:Leninakan Airport (LWN/UDSG), Armenia
Flightnumber:E-46
Narrative:
A Yakovlev Yak-40, operating on a service from Volgograd to Nalchik and Leninakan (now Gyumri), was destroyed when it impacted Mount Shishtepe, Armenia.
The crew deviated from the track while flying in mountainous terrain and incorrectly determined its position during the descent toward Leninakan. The aircraft was cleared to descend to 900 m when it struck a cloud-shrouded mountainside at a height of 2523 m.
ATC didn't determine the position of the aircraft and didn't require the aircraft to circle at a safe altitude for identification.

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» Soviet Transports
» ICAO Adrep Summary 6/93 (#18)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Nalchik Airport to Leninakan Airport as the crow flies is 306 km (191 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev Yak-40

  • 1136 built
  • 44th loss
  • 23rd fatal accident
  • 8th worst accident (at the time)
  • 19th worst accident (currently)
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 Armenia
  • The worst accident (at the time)
  • 4th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile