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Last updated: 8 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:samedi 22 août 1987
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B762 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 767-231ER
Compagnie:Trans World Airlines - TWA
Immatriculation: N609TW
Numéro de série: 22572/65
Année de Fabrication: 1983
Heures de vol:12336
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7R4D
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 9
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 172
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 181
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Belleville-Scott AFB, IL (BLV) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:San Francisco International Airport, CA (SFO/KSFO), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO (STL/KSTL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:TW756
While Boeing 767 N609TW was parked overnight at the gate at San Francisco (SFO), mechanics found an unserviceable brake and tire, requested a work order, and some time between 03:00 and 05:00 they removed and replaced the No.3 brake and wheel assembly on the right main landing gear. Both mechanics were long time employees of TWA but neither had ever changed the wheel/brake assembly on a Boeing 767. During the installation of the wheel/brake assemblies, the mechanics installed the pin through the end of the brake rod, but only partially into the brake torque arm. The bolt used to secure the pin in the torque arm and prevent it from migrating outward probably was not inserted through the hole in the pin.
TWA Flight 756 departed at 10:47. When the landing gear was retracted after takeoff, the No. 3 brake rod connector pin would have been head end downward. During the en route phase of the flight, the pin dropped out of the brake torque housing allowing the brake rod to move horizontally until coming to rest on the landing gear door pad, preventing the landing gear from extending before landing .
On the approach to runway 30L at Saint Louis-Lambert Airport (STL) and just before reaching the outer marker, the landing ear handle was lowered. Afterward, EICAS displayed "Gear Disagree, Gear Doors," and an aural gear unsafe warning sounded . The captain broke off the approach, departed the traffic pattern, and recycled the landing gear in accordance with the "Gear Disagree " procedure. However, the right main landing gear continued to show an unsafe condition. Alternate gear extension procedures were also without success. The captain of flight 756 then decided to land at Scott Air Force Base because of a more favorable runway wind component and because of the availability of on-base medical facilities and heavy crash/fire/rescue (CFR) equipment.
The aircraft landed with the right main landing gear fully retracted . The airplane came to rest in a nose-high, right-wing-low attitude with the right engine supporting the weight of the right wing.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The improper installation of the No.3 right main landing gear wheel/brake assembly and the inadequate inspection of the maintenance."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 8 months
Accident number: CHI87NA194
Download report: Summary report

Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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photo of Boeing-767-231ER-N609TW
accident date: 22-08-1987
type: Boeing 767-231ER
registration: N609TW
photo of Boeing-767-231ER-N609TW
accident date: 22-08-1987
type: Boeing 767-231ER
registration: N609TW

Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre San Francisco International Airport, CA et Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO est de 2768 km (1730 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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