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Last updated: 7 December 2021
Status:Definitief
Datum:zaterdag 22 augustus 1987
Tijd:13:12
Type:Silhouette image of generic B762 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 767-231ER
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Trans World Airlines - TWA
Registratie: N609TW
Constructienummer: 22572/65
Bouwjaar: 1983
Aantal vlieguren:12336
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7R4D
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 9
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 172
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 181
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:Belleville-Scott AFB, IL (BLV) (   Verenigde Staten)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:San Francisco International Airport, CA (SFO/KSFO), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO (STL/KSTL), Verenigde Staten
Vluchtnummer:TW756
Beschrijving:
While Boeing 767 N609TW was parked overnight at the gate at San Francisco (SFO), mechanics found an unserviceable brake and tire, requested a work order, and some time between 03:00 and 05:00 they removed and replaced the No.3 brake and wheel assembly on the right main landing gear. Both mechanics were long time employees of TWA but neither had ever changed the wheel/brake assembly on a Boeing 767. During the installation of the wheel/brake assemblies, the mechanics installed the pin through the end of the brake rod, but only partially into the brake torque arm. The bolt used to secure the pin in the torque arm and prevent it from migrating outward probably was not inserted through the hole in the pin.
TWA Flight 756 departed at 10:47. When the landing gear was retracted after takeoff, the No. 3 brake rod connector pin would have been head end downward. During the en route phase of the flight, the pin dropped out of the brake torque housing allowing the brake rod to move horizontally until coming to rest on the landing gear door pad, preventing the landing gear from extending before landing .
On the approach to runway 30L at Saint Louis-Lambert Airport (STL) and just before reaching the outer marker, the landing ear handle was lowered. Afterward, EICAS displayed "Gear Disagree, Gear Doors," and an aural gear unsafe warning sounded . The captain broke off the approach, departed the traffic pattern, and recycled the landing gear in accordance with the "Gear Disagree " procedure. However, the right main landing gear continued to show an unsafe condition. Alternate gear extension procedures were also without success. The captain of flight 756 then decided to land at Scott Air Force Base because of a more favorable runway wind component and because of the availability of on-base medical facilities and heavy crash/fire/rescue (CFR) equipment.
The aircraft landed with the right main landing gear fully retracted . The airplane came to rest in a nose-high, right-wing-low attitude with the right engine supporting the weight of the right wing.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The improper installation of the No.3 right main landing gear wheel/brake assembly and the inadequate inspection of the maintenance."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 8 months
Accident number: CHI87NA194
Download report: Summary report


Veiligheidsmaatregelen

NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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Foto's

photo of Boeing-767-231ER-N609TW
accident date: 22-08-1987
type: Boeing 767-231ER
registration: N609TW
photo of Boeing-767-231ER-N609TW
accident date: 22-08-1987
type: Boeing 767-231ER
registration: N609TW
 

Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen San Francisco International Airport, CA en Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO bedraagt 2768 km (1730 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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