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Last updated: 1 December 2021
Estado:Final
Fecha:jueves 25 enero 1990
Hora:21:34
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic B703 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 707-321B
Operador:Avianca
Registración: HK-2016
Numéro de série: 19276/592
Año de Construcción: 1967
Horas Totales de la Célula:61196
Motores: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 8 / Ocupantes: 9
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 65 / Ocupantes: 149
Total:Fatalidades: 73 / Ocupantes: 158
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Cove Neck, NY (   Estados Unidos de América)
Fase: Aproximación (APR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Internacional Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport (MDE/SKRG), Colombia
Aeropuerto de Llegada:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Estados Unidos de América
Número de Vuelo:AV052
Descripción:
Avianca Flight 052 (Bogotá - Medellin - New York-JFK) took off from Medellin at 15:08 with approx. 81000 lb of fuel on board. When arriving near New York, the aircraft had to enter 3 holding patterns. The first for 19 minutes over Norfolk, the second for 29 minutes over New Jersey, and the third pattern over the CAMRN intersection for 29 minutes. Over CAMRN the aircraft descended from FL140 to FL110. At 20:44:43, while holding at CAMRN for 26 minutes, the New York (NY) ARTCC radar controller advised AVA052 to expect further clearance at 21:05. At that moment the Avianca crew advised ATC that they could only hold for 5 more minutes and that their alternate Boston couldn't be reached anymore due to the low state of fuel. The flight left the holding pattern at 20:47 and the crew contacted the New York TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control) who guided AV052 for a runway 22L ILS approach. On finals, at 21:15 the crew contacted JFK Tower and they were cleared to land four minutes later.
Due to the bad weather (300 feet ceiling, 400 m visibility, RVR - runway Visual Range of 2400 feet and wind shear of ca. 10 kt) the crew had to carry out a missed approach at 21:23. ATC vectored the crew for another approach. About 21:32, at 12 miles SE of JFK Airport, engines number 3 and 4 ran down. Shortly afterwards followed by the remaining two. At 21:34, heading 250° and flaps at 14° and gear up, the aircraft impacted on a hillside in a wooded residential area on the north shore of Long Island. The starboard side of the forward fuselage impacted and fractured the wooden deck of a residential home.

Probable Cause:

La falla de los pilotos de no administrar apropiadamente la carga de combustible del jet, y el no comunicar una situación de emergencia de combustible a la torre de control antes de quedarse sin gasolina. Contribuyo al accidente la falla de los pilotos de usar un sistema operacional de despacho para ayudarlos a manejar un vuelo internacional en zona de alta densidad de trafico aereo con mal tiempo. También contribuyo al accidente el manejo inadecuado de flujo aéreo por parte de la FAA y el no tener terminología adecuada para pilotos y controladores para situaciones de emergencia de combustible. La cámara de seguridad determino también que el viento, cansancio en la tripulación y tensión fueron factores que los llevaron a no realizar un aterrizaje correcto la primera vez, y por ende llevo al accidente.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 3 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-91-04
Download report: Final report

Fuentes:
» Epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal injuries in the Avianca plane crash: Avianca Flight 052, January 25, 1990
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 2.4.1990 (52-53)
» NTSB/AAR-91/04


Subsiguiente / acciones de seguridad

NTSB issued 9 Safety Recommendations

Show all...

Fotos

photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
Flight reconstruction based on FDR data
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
Terrain impact graph
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
ILS approach - profile view
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
Seat map Boeing 707-321B HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
photo of Boeing-707-321B-HK-2016
accident date: 25-01-1990
type: Boeing 707-321B
registration: HK-2016
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport to New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY as the crow flies is 3817 km (2386 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 707

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  • 113th loss
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 Estados Unidos de América
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