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Last updated: 27 October 2021
Date:Tuesday 17 September 1991
Type:Silhouette image of generic D228 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Dornier 228-201
Operator:Zimex Aviation
Registration: D-CDAL
MSN: 8094
First flight: 1986-07-14 (5 years 2 months)
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Galcaio (   Somalia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Departure airport:Mogadishu International Airport (MGQ/HCMM), Somalia
Destination airport:Berbera Airport (BBO/HCMI), Somalia
The Dornier 228-201 was transporting medical supplies from Nairobi, Kenya to Mogadishu and Berbera, Somalia on behalf of the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC).
The aircraft was en route to Berbera at 9600 feet when the crew heard a loud bang followed by a shock wave and a loss of control. The crew managed to regain control and realized the aircraft had been struck by ground fire.
The autopilot was lost, the elevator trim system was damaged and the aircraft lost all HF communications. The crew made a safe emergency landing at Djibouti Airport.

It has been reported that the aircraft was struck by a missile.

Shot down from the ground
Forced landing on runway

» ICAO Adrep Summary 1/92
» Somalia 1991-1993: civil war, famine alert and UN "military humanitarian" intervention 1991-1993 / Médecins Sans Frontières, September 2013
» Criminal Acts Against Civil Aviation 1991 / U.S. Department of Transport, FAA, Office of Civil Aviation Security


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Mogadishu International Airport to Berbera Airport as the crow flies is 928 km (580 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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