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Last updated: 16 October 2021
Date:Sunday 18 October 1992
Time:ca 13:30
Type:Silhouette image of generic CN35 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Operator:Merpati Nusantara Airlines
Registration: PK-MNN
MSN: N.013
First flight: 1990
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 27 / Occupants: 27
Total:Fatalities: 31 / Occupants: 31
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:ca 20 km WSW of Garut (   Indonesia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Semarang-Achmad Yani Airport (SRG/WARS), Indonesia
Destination airport:Bandung-Husein Sastranegara Airport (BDO/WICC), Indonesia
An IPTN manufactured CASA CN-235-10 passenger plane was destroyed when it flew into the side of Mount Papandayan, an active volcano. All 31 on board were killed.
The aircraft operated flight 5601 from Semarang to Bandung. Weather near Bandung was poor with cumulonimbus clouds in the vicinty. The flight descended from FL125 to FL080 towards Bandung and the pilot prepared for a visual approach.
The pilot attempted to circumnavigate the cumulonimbus clouds and turned left, to the south, towards Garut. The clouds closed as the aircraft impacted the side of a mountain at an altitude of 6120 feet.


» Air Safety Week 26 October 1992 (5)
» Scramble 161


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Semarang-Achmad Yani Airport to Bandung-Husein Sastranegara Airport as the crow flies is 308 km (192 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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