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Last updated: 26 July 2021
Date:Monday 17 April 1995
Time:ca 13:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-54G-5-DO (DC-4)
Operator:Brooks Air Fuel
Registration: N898AL
MSN: 35986
First flight: 1945
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney R-2000
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Kivalina Airport, AK (KVL) (   United States of America)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Departure airport:Galena Airport, AK (GAL/PAGA), United States of America
Destination airport:Kivalina Airport, AK (KVL/PAVL), United States of America
The C-54 airplane was hauling fuel oil to be distributed at Kivalina, AK. Prior to departure from Galena (GAL) the pilot read a NOTAM for Kivalina that the runway had thin, packed snow on it. The pilot reported he flew over the 3,000 ft long by 60 ft wide strip prior to landing, and noted in the center of the runway some gravel was visible through a layer of surrounding snow. He could not see any snow banks or deeper snow in the landing area, and available notices to airmen did not mention any snow banks or snow berms on the runway. The airplane landed near the threshold and on the center line, but, the left main landing gear soon encountered a snow berm and the airplane was pulled to the left. The airplane subsequently impacted other snow berms on the left side of the runway and the nose landing gear collapsed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The pilot's failure to identify a hazardous landing area. Factors in the accident are the presence of snow banks/berms on the runway, and the inadequate snow removal by airport personnel."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 160 days (5 months)
Accident number: ANC95LA046
Download report: Summary report

Landing gear collapse
Runway mishap



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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Galena Airport, AK to Kivalina Airport, AK as the crow flies is 473 km (296 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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