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Last updated: 4 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:samedi 3 novembre 2001
Heure:03:20
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic F406 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Reims Cessna F406 Caravan II
Compagnie:GJ Air
Immatriculation: ZS-OIG
Numéro de série: F406-0041
Année de Fabrication: 1989
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-112
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 1 / à bord: 1
Total:victimes: 3 / à bord: 3
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:0,7 km (0.4 milles) S of Johannesburg International Airport (JNB) (   Afrique du Sud)
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Cargo
Aéroport de départ:Johannesburg International Airport (JNB/FAJS), Afrique du Sud
Aéroport de destination:Windhoek-Eros Airport (ERS/FYWE), Namibie
Détails:
A Reims Cessna F406 Caravan II aircraft was destroyed in an accident shortly after departure from Johannesburg International Airport (JNB), South Africa. Both pilots and the sole passenger were killed.
The aircraft departed Johannesburg on an international cargo flight to Windhoek-Eros Airport (ERS), Namibia. The cargo consisted mainly of express freight parcels and two heavy steel bars approximately 3 m in length each.
The aircraft crashed approximately 106 seconds after commencing its takeoff roll, impacting the ground in a left wing low attitude approximately 700 m South of the threshold of runway 03R (right) in a marshy area.
The investigation revealed that the aircraft was overloaded by approximately 16% (700 kg). The cargo was not secured, nor was there a seat or a restraining device in the aircraft for the passenger.
The Certificate of Airworthiness for the aircraft was invalid at the time of the accident, as both engines have exceeded their TBO (time between overhaul) by approximately 185 hours. Also, the operator undertook this flight with the full knowledge that the existing AOC expired on the October 31, 2001.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident resulted due to a loss of control (aircraft becoming uncontrollable in the pitch and roll axis), which occurred approximately 35 to 40 seconds after lift-off/rotation. It was induced and aggravated by a 16% overload condition as well as the exceedance of the certified aft CG limitation of the aircraft."

Sources:
» CAA Ref. CA18/2/3/7426


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Johannesburg International Airport et Windhoek-Eros Airport est de 1192 km (745 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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