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Last updated: 21 September 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 30 mars 2008
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic C500 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 500 Citation I
Immatriculation: VP-BGE
Numéro de série: 500-0287
Année de Fabrication: 1975
Heures de vol:5844
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-1A
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 3 / à bord: 3
Total:victimes: 5 / à bord: 5
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:3,7 km (2.3 milles) NNE of London-Biggin Hill Airport (BQH) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Aéroport de départ:London-Biggin Hill Airport (BQH/EGKB), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Pau-Uzein Airport (PUF/LFBP), France
The aircraft was engaged on a flight from Biggin Hill, Kent (BQH) to Pau, France (PUF). The commander called for start at 14:17 and, at 14:20, was cleared to taxi to holding point A1 for a departure from runway 21. At 14:24, ATC instructed the crew to hold at A1 and cleared them for a LYDD 2 departure.
At 14:34, one minute after becoming airborne, the co-pilot transmitted: "And victor papa bravo golf echo er we’re making an immediate turn to return to the airport immediate turn to the airport." The tower controller replied: "Victor golf echo join downwind right-hand runway two one, the biggin qnh one thousand, threshold elevation’s five one seven feet, what’s the nature of your problem?" The co-pilot replied: "ere we don’t know sir we’re getting er engine vibration we’ll come straight back." The aircraft then manoeuvred to overhead the airfield at approximately 1,200 ft aal heading towards the end of the downwind leg for a left-hand circuit to runway 21. As the aircraft left the overhead it commenced a continuous descent and, at 13:36 hrs, the co-pilot transmitted: "And er victor golf echo we have major problem a major power problem it looks as though we’re er going in we’re going in!"
The aircraft flew extremely low over the roofs of several houses before its left wing impacted the roof of a house at the end of a residential close adjacent to a
small wood. After the initial impact the aircraft struck the ground and caught fire destroying the attached garage of a neighbouring dwelling.
Examination of the wreckage, however, did not reveal any evidence of pre-impact restrictions in the flight control circuits and examination of the engines, after
disassembly, revealed no evidence of either engine having suffered a bird strike or foreign object damage. Furthermore, no pre-impact damage or failures were
found in any of the rotating assemblies or main bearings.

Probable Cause:

1. It is probable that a mechanical failure within the air cycle machine caused the vibration which led to the crew attempting to return to the departure airfield.
2. A missing rivet head on the left engine fuel shut-off lever may have led to an inadvertent shut-down of that engine.
3. Approximately 70 seconds prior to impact neither engine was producing any thrust.
4. A relight attempt on the second engine was probably started before the relit first engine had reached idle speed, resulting in insufficient time for enough thrust to be developed to arrest the aircraft’s rate of descent before ground impact.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 2 months
Accident number: AAR 3/2010
Download report: Final report

» SKYbrary 
» AAIB Special Bulletin S2/2008
» BBC News

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AAIB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre London-Biggin Hill Airport et Pau-Uzein Airport est de 878 km (549 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Citation I

  • 377 built
  • 51ème loss
  • 31ème accident fatal
  • le accident 6ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 8ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
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