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Last updated: 21 September 2021
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Donnerstag 12 Februar 2009
Zeit:17:23
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic JS31 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace 3102 Jetstream 31
Fluggesellschaft:Sky Express
Kennzeichen: SX-SKY
Werknummer: 829
Baujahr: 1988-09-05 (20 years 6 months)
Betriebsstunden:13222
Anzahl Zyklen der Zelle:15349
Triebwerk: 2 Garrett TPE331-10UGR-514HD
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 15
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 18
Sachschaden: Schwer beschädigt
Unfallort:Heraklion-N. Kazantzakis Airport (HER) (   Griechenland)
Flugphase: Landung (LDG)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Rhodes/Paradisi-Diagoras Airport (RHO/LGRP), Griechenland
Flug nach:Heraklion-N. Kazantzakis Airport (HER/LGIR), Griechenland
Flugnummer: 103
Unfallbericht:
A BAe 3102 Jetstream 31 passenger plane, SX-SKY, sustained substantial damage in a landing gear collapse at Heraklion-N. Kazantzakis Airport (HER), Greece.
The airplane operated on a scheduled return flight between Heraklion and Rhodes. The entire return flight was uneventful until the landing back at Heraklion. The aircraft crossed the threshold with a speed of 112 kts and after flaring the captain, who was pilot flying, reduced speed to flight idle and touched down with a speed of 86 kts. As the speed was being gradually reduced, the captain had difficulty with controlling the aircraft along its longitudinal axis and noticing that the aircraft was leaning somewhat to the right, reported to the first officer that "the gear has broken". Immediately afterwards, the blades of the right propeller of the aircraft struck the runway. The aircraft continued to move with the left main landing gear wheel operating normally and the collapsed right main landing gear, folded backwards under the wing. The crew stopped the engines, reported to the Airport Control Tower that the right landing gear had broken and requested evacuation.

Investigation revealed that the forward yoke pintle on the right main landing gear fitted to SX-SKY failed on landing. The landing gear had flown 23,940 cycles since new and had been overhauled 148 landings prior to the accident. The aircraft landing weight was calculated to be 14,870 lb (6745 kg), which was within the maximum limit of 14,900 lb (6759 kg), and the FDR recorded a normal acceleration on landing of 1.79 g. A review of the data on the FDR identified two possible heavy landings of 2.5 g and 2.87 g that had occurred 5 and 27 landings prior to the accident.

Probable Cause:

Probable Causes:
Landing gear cylinder failure because of ductile overload resulting from a ‘heavy’ landing made by the aircraft.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIASB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year
Accident number: Report no 08/2009
Download report: Final report

Informationsquelle:
» airliners.gr
» Scramble 358
» AAIB Bulletin: 10/2012


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

AAIASB issued 1 Safety Recommendation

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Fotos

photo of BAe-3102-Jetstream-31-SX-SKY
accident date: 12-02-2009
type: BAe 3102 Jetstream 31
registration: SX-SKY
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Rhodes/Paradisi-Diagoras Airport to Heraklion-N. Kazantzakis Airport as the crow flies is 285 km (178 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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