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Last updated: 25 October 2021
Status:Final
Date:Friday 9 October 2009
Time:11:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic C212 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
CASA C-212 Aviocar 200
Operating for:United Nations - UN
Leased from:Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya - FAU
Registration: FAU-531
MSN: 187
First flight: 1981-07-03 (28 years 4 months)
Total airframe hrs:10780
Crew:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Total:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:20 km (12.5 mls) W of Fonds-Verrettes (   Haiti)
Crash site elevation: 1164 m (3819 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Port-au-Prince Airport (PAP/MTPP), Haiti
Destination airport:Port-au-Prince Airport (PAP/MTPP), Haiti
Narrative:
The CASA C-212 Aviocar 200 departed Port-au-Prince Airport, Haiti, at 09:32 hours. The border patrol mission along the Haiti/Dominican Republic border was carried out for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH).
The procedure was to operate the aircraft in VMC conditions at all times, with the tailgate open and the ramp at aircraft floor level, maintaining a speed between 105 and 120 kt. and a recommended altitude of 1500 ft. The flight made position reports about every 20 minutes. At 10:49, the aircraft was close to Port-au-Prince. This was the last communication with the flight.
The aircraft then continued to fly over the area and at 10:56 hours headed towards a valley. Four minutes later the aircraft impacted the ground at an altitude of 3820 ft.

An investigation revealed that the aircraft departed from the flight plan, likely at the request of the mission planners. The flight then entered mountainous terrain with a deep and boxed valley. The flight into the valley was beyond the capabilities of the flight crew due to their lack of mountain flying experience. The aircraft was unable to climb above the terrain and was forced to make a turn in the valley. At a 21° pitch the aircraft lost lift and stalled. It struck the ground an attitude of about 70° nose down and about 60° bank to the left.

Probable Cause:

It was understood that there was a slight appreciation of the situation, operational judgement, an inadequate decision making process, carelessness or disregard of the area to be operated, resulting in an underestimation of the risks and finally in a wrong operational decision.
Loss of situational awareness that resulted in a miscalculation of height above ground and distance to the mountain in front of him, in order to avoid the operation safely, perhaps due to little experience of flying in the mountains.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: FAU-DSV
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 10 years and 2 months
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Loss of control

Sources:
» Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya


Photos

photo of CASA-C-212-Aviocar-200-FAU-531
accident date: 09-10-2009
type: CASA C-212 Aviocar 200
registration: FAU-531
 

Video, social media

Map

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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