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Last updated: 7 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 29 juillet 2014
Heure:22:40
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B752 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 757-222
Compagnie:United Airlines
Immatriculation: N553UA
Numéro de série: 25277/434
Année de Fabrication: 1992-02-25 (22 years 5 months)
Heures de vol:72854
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney PW2037
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 168
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 174
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:San Diego International Airport, CA (SAN) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Houston-George Bush Intercontinental Airport, TX (IAH/KIAH), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:San Diego International Airport, CA (SAN/KSAN), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:UA345
Détails:
United Airlines flight 345, a Boeing 757-222, N553UA, experienced a tailstrike while landing at the San Diego International Airport (SAN), San Diego, California, USA. There were no injuries to the 174 persons onboard. The airplane sustained substantial damage.
According to the operator, the first officer (FO) was the pilot flying and the captain was the pilot monitoring. The accident flight was the second flight of the day for both crew members. The climb, cruise, and descent portions of the flight were uneventful. The airplane was configured for a flaps 30 landing with the autopilot off for the visual approach to runway 27. The target airspeed for the landing was 130 knots, 5 knots above VREF.
An airplane performance study was completed based on the FDR data from the flight. The study showed the wind was constant during the final descent to the runway with about a 4-knot headwind component. At about 50 feet radio altitude, the FO began to gradually pull back on the column until the elevators deflected 12 degrees airplane nose up at touchdown. Touchdown occurred with a sink rate near 0, a pitch attitude of about 6 degrees and an airspeed of 120 knots (5 knots below VREF). After touchdown, thrust was commanded to idle and the speedbrakes were deployed. The FO then began to gradually release column backpressure; however, pitch attitude continued to increase towards the gear-struts-compressed tail strike pitch attitude. The airplane's pitch attitude eventually exceeded the gear struts compressed tail strike attitude of 10.5 degrees. The FO commanded reverse thrust as the tail strike occurred and then increased to maximum reverse thrust after derotation had occurred.
Published Flight Operations Technical Bulletins issued by the manufacturer in 1988 and 1990 instructed pilots to immediately lower the nose after touchdown (i.e. apply forward pressure) and warned pilots that bleeding off airspeed below VREF prior to touchdown will increase body attitude and thereby increase the likelihood of a tail strike. In this accident, touchdown occurred about 5 knots below VREF and the nose-up elevator remained for nearly 3.5 seconds, causing the aft fuselage to contact the runway.
Inspection of the airplane revealed substantial abrasion damage to two aft, lower skin panels spanning an area about 4 feet long by 1.5 feet wide. In addition, the forward and aft lower chords on the aft pressure bulkhead (APB) were deformed and the lower APB web was buckled.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: "The first officer's failure to maintain the correct airspeed and pitch attitude during landing that resulted in a tailstrike."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 5 years and 11 months
Accident number: DCA14LA137
Download report: Final report


Photos

photo of Boeing-757-222-N553UA
accident date: 29-07-2014
type: Boeing 757-222
registration: N553UA
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Houston-George Bush Intercontinental Airport, TX et San Diego International Airport, CA est de 2080 km (1300 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Boeing 757

  • 1050 built
  • 9ème loss
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