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Last updated: 28 November 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:vendredi 30 septembre 2016
Heure:12:04
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Compagnie:Llanera de Aviación
Immatriculation: HK-3804
Numéro de série: 208B0315
Année de Fabrication: 1992
Heures de vol:2867
Moteurs: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Equipage:victimes: 1 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 3 / à bord: 9
Total:victimes: 4 / à bord: 11
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:près de San Antonio de Prado (   Colombie)
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Charter National
Aéroport de départ:Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport (EOH/SKMD), Colombie
Aéroport de destination:Juradó Airport (JUO/SKJU), Colombie
Détails:
A Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, HK-3804, was destroyed when it impacted a hillside in a rural area near San Antonio de Prado, Colombia.
The aircraft departed Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport at 11:58 hours on a domestic charter flight to Juradó. The flight was
cleared to fly on a runway course to Cerro El Volador and then make a turn to the right, in a visual climb until crossing the town of San Antonio de Prado. According to ATC information, the aircraft estimated to cross the position of San Antonio de Prado at 12:00, however, no notification was obtained from the flight.
At 13:00 the aircraft was found crashed. The copilot, two passengers and a new-born baby suffered fatal injuries.

The investigation by Aerocivil showed that the crew used an empty basic weight of the aircraft of 5254 lbs (2383 kg), that is, 157 lbs. (71 kg) below the actual weight of the aircraft, which was 5411 lbs (2454 kg), according to the last certified weighing of the aircraft. They also did not take into account the 650 kg of cargo on board.
According to the crew's calculations, the takeoff weight of the aircraft was 8719 lbs (3955 kg), which was below the maximum takeoff weight of 8750 lbs (3970 kg). Instead, the actual takeoff weight was 10320 lbs (4681 kg).

Probable Cause:

Probable cause:
Execution of a take-off with a weight approximately 17% higher than the maximum gross operating weight (MTOW) established for the C208B aircraft.
Limited climb rate with signs of lift loss due to the low performance given by the overweight during the initial climb phase.
Forced landing in mountainous terrain due to loss of lift caused by overweight during the initial climb.
Absence in the identification of the risks associated to an overweight operation of the aircraft.

Contributing Factors:
Lack of supervision by the Aircraft Operator in relation to the dispatch of aircraft operating from the outside at the main base of operation.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: COL-16-35-GIA
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» El Espectador
» Minuto30.com


Opérations de secours

Aerocivil issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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Photos

photo of Cessna-208B-Grand-Caravan-HK-3804
accident date: 30-09-2016
type: Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
registration: HK-3804
 

Video, social media

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Medellín-Enrique Olaya Herrera Airport et Juradó Airport est de 255 km (159 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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