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Last updated: 28 September 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 17 avril 2018
Heure:13:05
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DH8D model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-8-402Q Dash 8
Compagnie:Flybe
Immatriculation: G-JECX
Numéro de série: 4155
Année de Fabrication: 2007-02-22 (11 years 2 months)
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW150A
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 55
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 60
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Lieu de l'accident:Newquay-Cornwall Airport (NQY) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Manchester International Airport (MAN/EGCC), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Newquay-Cornwall Airport (NQY/EGHQ), Royaume Uni
Numéro de vol:BE353
Détails:
Flybe flight 353 suffered a tailstrike accident on landing at Newquay Airport, U.K.
The aircraft, a DHC-8-400 departed one hour and twenty minutes late from Manchester. The forecast weather at Newquay was for overcast cloud at 400 - 500 ft with a gusty crosswind of approximately 20 kt. The co-pilot was pilot flying for the Newquay sector.
The takeoff, cruise and descent were uneventful. During the cruise the commander obtained updated weather via the ATIS for Newquay, which gave landing runway 12, the surface wind 210/16 and cloud broken at 400 ft. The flight crew briefed for the approach, discussing the threat of turbulence on final and the potential for a go-around. The pilots planned to use flap 15 for the final approach because no gusts were reported on the ATIS, and to set the propeller condition levers to max in case a go-around was required.
The aircraft was established on final for runway 12 at 8 nm and the co-pilot disconnected the autopilot at approximately 500 ft. At approximately 400 ft, the aircraft became displaced from the runway centreline and the co-pilot elected to go around. The goaround was uneventful and the aircraft was repositioned for a second approach. During the downwind leg the commander made a PA to reassure the passengers then briefed the co-pilot to keep the autopilot engaged until slightly later in the approach and to ensure the speed remained between the VREF and VCLIMB speed bugs.
The second approach was stable until approximately 50 ft. The tower gave the surface wind as 190°/20 kt. At approximately 50 ft the co-pilot reduced power to flight idle to control the airspeed, although neither pilot was aware that the power had been reduced this much. At approximately 30 ft above the runway, the aircraft started to sink rapidly and the commander called "power, power, power". The co-pilot increased power and pitched up to arrest the rate of descent, but the aircraft landed firmly, striking its tail on the runway. The aircraft bounced and the commander took control. Observing the ‘TOUCHED RUNWAY’ light he elected to continue the landing. The aircraft landed and taxied to the gate without further incident. Subsequently one cabin crew member reported minor back pain. No other injuries were reported.
Damage was found to several skin panels, frames, stringers and aft pressure bulkhead.

Probable Cause:

Conclusion: "The tailstrike occurred because the pilot flying reacted instinctively to the high sink rate by increasing pitch attitude and power, rather than increasing power only. The aircraft manufacturer recommends that operators provide annual recurrent training in pitch awareness for flight crew to establish the correct response to high sink rate near the ground."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 205 days (7 months)
Accident number: EW/G2018/04/09
Download report: Final report


Photos

photo of DHC-8-402Q-Dash-8-G-JECX
accident date: 17-04-2018
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-8-402Q Dash 8
registration: G-JECX
photo of DHC-8-402Q-Dash-8-G-JECX
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Manchester International Airport et Newquay-Cornwall Airport est de 371 km (232 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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