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Last updated: 29 November 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 5 juin 2018
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Immatriculation: 5Y-CAC
Numéro de série: 208B0525
Année de Fabrication: 1996
Moteurs: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 8 / à bord: 8
Total:victimes: 10 / à bord: 10
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:14 km (8.8 milles) NE of Njabini (   Kénya)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 3645 m (11959 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Kitale Airport (KTL/HKKT), Kénya
Aéroport de destination:Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (NBO/HKJK), Kénya
Numéro de vol:B50102
A Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, operating on Fly-SAX flight 102 from Kitale to Nairobi, Kenya, impacted a mountainside, killing all ten occupants.
The aircraft departed Kitale Airport at 16:05 hours and climbed to the en route altitude of FL110. The flight was conducted in IMC with low clouds along the entire route. It was cleared to maintain FL110 to navigation fix AVENA to be able to conduct an approach and landing on runway 24 at Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. According to the AIP approach chart, IFR traffic should reach AVENA at FL150. However, there was an undocumented practice for controllers to clear IFR flights below the minimum sector altitude ‘Subject to Own Terrain Clearance’
The aircraft continued towards the Aberdare Ranges with mountain peaks above 11000 feet. At 17:02 the aircraft impacted 38 feet below the top of the vertical cliff on Elephant Hill.

The wreck was located on the morning of June 7 at an elevation of 11200 feet.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause
The Aircraft Accident Investigation Department determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: The flight crew's inadequate flight planning and the decision to fly instrument flight rules (IFR) at an altitude below the published Minimum Sector Altitude in the Standard Instrument Arrival Chart under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC), and their failure to perform an immediate escape maneuver following TAWS alert, which resulted in controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).
Contributing Factors:
1. Contributing to the accident were the operator's inadequate crew resource management (CRM) training, inadequate procedures for operational control and flight release.
2. Also contributing to the accident was the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority's failure to hold the operator accountable for correcting known operational deficiencies and ensuring compliance with its operational control procedures.
3. There was no requirement for crew to be trained in CFIT avoidance ground training tailored to the company’s operations that need to address current CFIT-avoidance technologies.
4. Use of non-documented procedure and Clearance by the ATC to fly below the published minimum sector altitude.
5. Lack of situational awareness by the radar safety controller while monitoring flights within the radar service section.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAID Kenya
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Download report: Final report

» CAA Kenya


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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Kitale Airport et Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International Airport est de 334 km (209 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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