ASN Aircraft accident British Aerospace 4121 Jetstream 41 ZS-NRJ Venetia Mine Airport
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Monday 3 January 2022
Type:Silhouette image of generic JS41 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace 4121 Jetstream 41
Operator:SA Airlink
Registration: ZS-NRJ
MSN: 41062
First flight: 1995-05-19 (26 years 8 months)
Total airframe hrs:35782
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331-14GR-805H
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 7
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Location:near Venetia Mine Airport (   South Africa)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo International Airport (JNB/FAOR), South Africa
Destination airport:Venetia Mine Airport (FAVM), South Africa
A SA Airlink Jetstream 41 aircraft departed Johannesburg International Airport on a commercial flight to Venetia Mine Airport.
After takeoff the aircraft climbed to the cruising altitude flight level 210 (FL210) in accordance with the flight plan. During the descent to Venetia Mine, the first officer made a radio call to the aerodrome inspector on the VHF radio to inform him that they would be landing shortly. Thereafter, the aerodrome inspector went to perform a runway inspection. Once complete, the aerodrome inspector informed the flight that he had completed the runway inspection and that it was clear of foreign object debris and no wildlife was spotted close to the runway.
The crew stated that touchdown was normal on runway 08, however, during the landing roll at a ground speed of approximately 104 knots, with the propellers in the reverse thrust configuration (course pitch), a large bird (Kori Bustard) got airborne from the grass area next to the runway on the right side. The bird impacted the no.2 (right-side) propeller and one of the blades was severed. Some fragments from the blade penetrated the fuselage (third row of seats).
According to the crew, the bird strike caused the aircraft to shake and the number 2 engine to show an over temperature indication. The Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) indication was over 750°C. The crew followed the engine shut down procedure while bringing the aircraft to a stop on the runway. After the aircraft had stopped, the captain, through the intercom, spoke with the passengers to check if they were harmed. The cabin crew member reported that nobody was injured after checking with the passengers.
The crew then taxied the aircraft to the apron with only the left engine in operation. Once the engine was shut down, the passengers disembarked the aircraft. The aircraft sustained substantial damage.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause
A bird strike on the propeller blade caused the overload fracture and separation failure of the blade.
Contributory Factors:
1. Inadequate control of wildlife at the airfield.
2. Inadequate number of trained personnel to monitor and deter possible wildlife during aircraft operations.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: CAA SouthAfrica
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 1 months
Accident number: CA18/2/3/10097
Download report: Final report

Bird strike
Prop/turbine blade separation
Forced landing on runway

» Airlink

Follow-up / safety actions

CAA S.A. issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo International Airport to Venetia Mine Airport as the crow flies is 424 km (265 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Jetstream 41

  • 104 built
  • 7th loss
» safety profile

 South Africa
  • 41st worst accident
» safety profile

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