ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 757-27A (PCF) HP-2010DAE San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Thursday 7 April 2022
Time:10:25
Type:Silhouette image of generic B752 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 757-27A (PCF)
Operator:DHL Aero Expreso
Registration: HP-2010DAE
MSN: 29610/904
First flight: 1999-12-07 (22 years 4 months)
Total airframe hrs:39205
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney PW2037
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO) (   Costa Rica)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO/MROC), Costa Rica
Destination airport:Guatemala City-La Aurora Airport (GUA/MGGT), Guatemala
Flightnumber:7216
Narrative:
DHL flight 7216, a Boeing 757-200 cargo plane, suffered a taxiway excursion at San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO), Costa Rica, after suffering problems with the left hydraulic system.

The aircraft took off from SJO runway 07 at 15:36 UTC on a flight bound for Guatemala City. After ATC cleared the flight to FL220, the flight crew received a hydraulic system indication: "HYDRAULIC QUANTITY" followed by a second indication, this time for the left hydraulic system: "HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE (L ONLY)." They also noticed that the left autopilot and yaw damper disengaged. From that point on, the captain took control of flying the aircraft while the first officer handled communications with ATC. They performed the relevant procedures according to the checklist and decided to return to SJO.
The flight crew prepared for an ILS approach for an emergency landing on runway 07. They knew they would not have autobrake, left reverser, rudder ratio, only some spoilers, and inoperative nose wheel steering.
During the approach, they extended the flaps and landing gear alternately. The captain adjusted the approach speed (Vapp) to 138-139 knots from the QRH's recommended 137 knots, with a Vref of 130 knots. ATC cleared them to land at 16:22 UTC with a reported wind from 240 degrees at 10 knots. On short final approach, the captain disconnected the autopilot and continued visually, executing a normal touchdown in the touchdown zone at 16:24 UTC.
The landing was initially controlled by the flight crew, maintaining proper directional control with the rudder, differential brakes, right thrust reverser, and manual speed brake. However, at around 16:25 and nearing taxiway D, the aircraft began to turn right uncontrollably, resulting in an excursion off the runway at taxiway K to the south of the active runway.
There was no fire and the aircraft auffered major damage, as a result of the impact against the fence of an airport road and the rainwater collection slope.

Probable Cause:

Contributing factors:
1. Fatigue and stress on the individual cables in the cross-section of the flexible hydraulic retraction hose of the L/H MLG down-locking actuator.
2. The probable inadvertent synchronised movement of the right Reverse Thrust Lever and left Engine Control Thrust Lever, as a reaction to muscle memory.

Accident investigation:

cover
Investigating agency: DGAC Costa Rica
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: CR-ACC-CO-02-2022
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Hydraulic system problem
Runway excursion (veer-off)

Sources:
» crprensa.com
» nacion.com

METAR Weather report:
15:00 UTC / 09:00 local time:
MROC 071500Z VRB04KT CAVOK 27/11 A3005 NOSIG

16:00 UTC / 10:00 local time:
MROC 071600Z 24008KT 200V270 CAVOK 27/16 A3005 NOSIG

17:00 UTC / 11:00 local time:
MROC 071700Z 24009KT 210V290 9999 FEW045 BKN250 27/19 A3003 NOSIG


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line is connecting ADS-B datapoints from Flightradar24.
Distance from San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport to Guatemala City-La Aurora Airport as the crow flies is 851 km (532 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 757

  • 1050 built
  • 13th loss
» safety profile

 Costa Rica
  • 23rd worst accident
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