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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 170752
Last updated: 2 December 2021
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Date:28-OCT-1939
Time:
Type:Silhouette image of generic H111 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Heinkel He 111H-2
Owner/operator:Stab./KG 26 Luftwaffe
Registration: 1H+JA
MSN: Werk No 5/449
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Newton Farm, Humbie, 15 miles south of Edinburgh -   United Kingdom
Phase: Combat
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Westerland (G)
Destination airport:
Narrative:
On 28 October 1939 McKellar intercepted a Heinkel He 111H-2 of Stab./Kampfgeschwader 26 (KG 26—Bomber Wing 26), code 1H+JA piloted by Unteroffizier Lehmkuhl. Acting on the advice of his navigator Leutnant Niehoff, dropped down towards cloud layers. The cover, however, quickly dispersed. Their gunners were killed, Lehmkul was hit in the back by machine gun fire and was wounded while Niehoff suffered a fractured spine during the crash–landing. The Heinkel came down at Newton Farm, Humbie, in the Lammermuir Hills, 15 miles S of Edinburgh, Lothian. Two of the crew of four were killed:

Uffz Gottlieb Kowalke (aged 23) killed
Gefr Bruno Reimann (aged 19) killed
Uffz Kurt Lehmkuhl injured
Lt Rolf Niehoff injured

Debate continues to this day as to which squadron or pilot was the victor. Post–war sources credit the victory to Archie McKellar of 602 Squadron RAF, flying a Spitfire I. It was also the War's first German aircraft shot down onto British soil.

Sources:

1. https://www.express.co.uk/news/history/529453/Humbie-Heinkel-German-Nazi-Plane-Scotland-Edinburgh-Luftwaffe-Spitfire
2. http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/scotlandshistory/20thand21stcenturies/worldwarii/humbieheinkel/index.asp
3. http://www.santafe.gov.ar/hemerotecadigital/diario/13869/?page=2
4. https://www.asisbiz.com/Luftwaffe/luftlossreg-bomb-KG26.html
5. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2814265/The-opening-hit-Second-World-War-Evocative-photograph-shows-Luftwaffe-plane-shot-Britain-75-years-ago.html
6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archie_McKellar
7. http://www.thefewgoodmen.com/thefgmforum/threads/saturday-october-28-1939-first-german-plane-shot-down-over-britain.8410/
8. http://www.rcawsey.co.uk/Acc1939a.htm

Media:


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
31-Oct-2014 07:20 gerard57 Added
25-Aug-2016 20:59 TB Updated [Location, Source]
06-Jan-2017 20:55 Dr. John Smith Updated [Registration, Cn, Operator, Location, Departure airport, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
06-Jan-2017 20:57 Dr. John Smith Updated [Narrative]
25-Apr-2018 00:51 Dr. John Smith Updated [Departure airport, Source, Narrative]
25-Apr-2018 00:52 Dr. John Smith Updated [Aircraft type, Operator]
09-Dec-2019 10:58 Nepa Updated [Operator, Operator]
15-Jan-2020 11:07 stehlik49 Updated [Operator, Location, Departure airport, Operator]

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