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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 205942
Last updated: 6 December 2021
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Time:18:04 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-8K5 (WL)
Owner/operator:Thomson Airways
Registration: G-FDZJ
MSN: 34690/2184
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 142
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:Malta-Luqa Airport (MLA/LMML) -   Malta
Phase: Take off
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Malta-Luqa Airport (MLA/LMML)
Destination airport:Manchester Airport (MAN/EGCC)
Investigating agency: AAIB
Flight BY2453 was a charter flight from Malta to Manchester. The aircraft, with a capacity for 189 passengers, had 136 passengers, 2 pilots and 4 cabin crew on board.
The load sheet recorded a takeoff weight of 65.6 tonnes and a centre of gravity of 23.4%. The pilots elected to take off from intersection F for runway 13 and calculated the following speeds for takeoff with Flap 10: V1 141 kt, VR 142 kt and V2 145 kt. Stabiliser trim was set to 4.5 units based on the load sheet information entered into the Flight Management Computer (FMC).
Although not certain, the crew believe that all the passengers sat in their allocated seats.
The takeoff acceleration was normal. At VR, the commander, who was pilot flying (PF), pulled back on the control column, but no rotation occurred with the normal pull effort. The PF continued to pull back and then with approximately elevator deflection the aircraft started a slow rotation. The aircraft was airborne with approximately 300 m of runway remaining. Once the aircraft was safely climbing away the PF applied rearward trim to remove the control force. The flight proceeded without further incident.

The aircraft took off with incorrect stabiliser trim set because an incorrect CofG was shown on the load sheet. This occurred because the seating position of the passengers was not passed to the handling agent. The handling agent assumed an even distribution of passengers within the cabin, when the actual loading created a forward bias.



Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 4 months
Download report: Final report
Other occurrences involving this aircraft

10 Mar 2021 HL8322 Jeju Air 0 Busan-Gimhae (Pusan) International Airport (PUS/RKPK) min


Photo of G-FDZJ courtesy

Shannon (EINN / SNN)
4 January 2019; (c) Gerry Barron

Revision history:

10-Feb-2018 17:34 harro Added
10-Feb-2018 17:36 harro Updated [Photo, ]

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