Accident Piper PA-38-112 N2400K,
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 296277
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Date:Monday 13 January 2003
Time:16:00 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic PA38 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Piper PA-38-112
Registration: N2400K
MSN: 38-79A0617
Year of manufacture:1979
Total airframe hrs:2223 hours
Engine model:Lycoming O-235-L2C
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Location:Mansfield, Missouri -   United States of America
Phase: Unknown
Departure airport:Mountain View Airport, MO (KMNF)
Destination airport:Mansfield, MO (03B)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The airplane contacted a tree during an off airport forced landing. The pilot reported that she flew to 03B to practice a couple of takeoffs and landings. She stated she entered the traffic pattern and pulled the power back when she was 180 degrees from the end of the runway. When she made the base leg turn, she realized that the wind was pushing her away from the runway so she added power, but there was no response from the engine. The pilot stated she tried adding a little more power, but again there was no response. She stated she then pulled the throttle back and advanced it to the full power setting, but there was still no response from the engine. The pilot stated she chose a two-lane dirt lane on wooded farmland on which to land. The left wing contacted a tree during the landing roll and the airplane spun around 180 degrees before coming to rest. Following the accident, the engine was started and it operated normally. The temperature and dewpoint reported 41 nautical miles northwest of the accident site, were 1 degree Celsius and -1 degree Celsius, respectively. These conditions are conducive for serious icing at any power setting. The Lycoming O-235-C Series engine manual, page 3-7, states, "(3) Landing Approach - In making an approach for a landing, carburetor air heat should generally be in the "Full Cold" position. However, if icing conditions are suspected, the "Full Heat" should be applied. In the case that full power need be applied under these conditions, as for an aborted landing, the carburetor heat should be returned to "Full Cold" after power application. See aircraft flight manual for specific instructions." The PA-38-112, Pilot Operating Handbook, pages 4-21and 22, state, "Carburetor heat should not be applied unless there is an indication of carburetor icing, since the use of carburetor heat causes a reduction in power which may be critical in case of a go-around. Full throttle operation with carburetor heat on can cause detonation."

Probable Cause: The pilot's failure to use carburetor heat, which resulted in the formation of carburetor ice and the loss of engine power.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Report number: CHI03LA051
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 5 months
Download report: Final report



Revision history:

13-Oct-2022 18:40 ASN Update Bot Added

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