Serious incident Saab 340B N394AE,
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 370513
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Date:Wednesday 10 January 2001
Time:12:25 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic SF34 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Saab 340B
Owner/operator:American Eagle Airlines
Registration: N394AE
MSN: 340B-394
Total airframe hrs:9752 hours
Engine model:General Electric CT7-9B
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 27
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:San Antonio, TX -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Departure airport:Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, TX (DFW/KDFW)
Destination airport:Laredo International Airport, TX (LRD/KLRD)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The flight was in cruise, in icing conditions, when both engines experienced momentary power fluctuations (PF) as a result of ice ingestion. Evaluation of the flight data recorder information revealed that the left engine experienced four Type II (compressor stall) PF events, and the right engine experienced one Type I (partial/full quenching of the engine's combustor flame) PF event and one Type II event. The flight descended, the power fluctuations ceased, and the flight proceeded to land at its intended destination. The Saab 340 fleet has undergone extensive research, with regards to power fluctuations, since it was certified in the U.S. in 1985. In 1985, it was determined that ice accumulates on the engine inlet splitter lip, breaks off, and enters the engine resulting in a flame-out. An auto-ignition system was developed to provide a means to re-light the engine. Aircraft certification rules require that no accumulation of engine inlet ice occur that will adversely affect engine operation. In 2000, the FAA's position was that even though no re-design of the engine inlet was found that would preclude ice accumulation on the splitter lip, the risk associated with a PF event was acceptable. Furthermore, the FAA determined that the risk of a dual engine power loss due to the existence of an icing condition and failure of both engines' auto-ignition systems was acceptably low. Lastly, the FAA stated that inappropriate crew response risks associated with PFs combined with an in-flight shut down were quantitatively indeterminate, but deemed qualitatively acceptable by FAA certification pilots and human factors specialists.

Probable Cause: the ingestion of ice/slush into both engines, which resulted in dual engine power fluctuations.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Report number: FTW01IA051
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 2 months
Download report: Final report



History of this aircraft

Other occurrences involving this aircraft
11 February 2005 N394AE American Eagle Airlines 0 Los Angeles, CA non


Revision history:

25-Mar-2024 11:32 ASN Update Bot Added

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description

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