Accident Piper PA-28-140 C-FRZH,
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 56879
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Date:Tuesday 6 January 2009
Type:Silhouette image of generic P28A model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Piper PA-28-140
Registration: C-FRZH
MSN: 28-24825
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Location:near Buckland, QC -   Canada
Phase: En route
Departure airport:Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport
Destination airport:Saint John, NB
Investigating agency: TSB
Confidence Rating: Information verified through data from accident investigation authorities
The Piper Cherokee PA-28-140 took off from the Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport, Quebec, on a night visual flight rules flight to the Saint John Airport, New Brunswick, with the pilot and 3 passengers on board. Approximately 20 minutes later and about 38 nautical miles east of Québec, the pilot informed the Québec terminal control unit that the flight was encountering a snow shower. Thirty-six seconds later, the Québec terminal controller lost radio contact with the aircraft. About 3 minutes later, the aircraft disappeared from the radar screen. Shortly after, the aircraft struck the southwest slope of the Massif du Sud Mountain, Quebec. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated on impact. The aircraft was located at 09:06. The aircraft was destroyed, but there was no post-impact fire. The pilot and front seat passenger were fatally injured. The 2 rear seat passengers sustained serious injuries.

Findings as to Causes and Contributing Factors
1. The pilot undertook a night visual flight rules (VFR) flight while there was a risk of encountering instrument meteorological conditions (IMC).
2. During the night flight, the pilot inadvertently entered snow showers and lost visual reference with the ground before crashing in controlled flight.
3. The accident occurred at night, when it is harder to avoid bad weather and to see unmarked obstacles.
4. It is likely that the pilot did not use the VFR navigation chart to navigate and, as a result, did not know the exact position of the aircraft or the elevation of the terrain in the area.
5. The aircraft altitude was not corrected to compensate for the low outside temperature. As a result, the true altitude of the aircraft was approximately 500 feet lower than the indicated altitude, thus reducing the safety margin needed to avoid obstacles and the terrain.
6. Although the effects of cocaine on performance in aviation have not been studied, its known effects indicate that the pilot’s use may have contributed to this accident.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: TSB
Report number: A09Q0003
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Download report: Final report


History of this aircraft

Other occurrences involving this aircraft
4 April 1970 OY-DHT Private 0 Sennels Hage w/o

Revision history:

06-Jan-2009 10:45 harro Added
06-Jan-2009 10:46 harro Updated
06-Jan-2009 23:46 Willy Updated
01-Mar-2009 10:45 Pete Updated
01-Feb-2011 13:02 harro Updated [Cn, Other fatalities, Departure airport, Source, Narrative]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description

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